"Christians and the Internet" newsletter CATI, Vol. 1, No. 37: September 15, 2000. _______________________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. THE IMPORTANCE OF BACKUPS TO GET YOUR SYSTEM "BACK UP" 2. MODERN REFORMATION: UPDATE ON NEW ISSUES AND ARTICLES 3. MY NAPARC-PLUS WEB DIRECTORY, PART EIGHT: PCA CHURCHES, T-Z 4. COMICS UPDATE: REORGANIZATION OF KING FEATURES WEB SITE 5. SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION FOR THIS NEWSLETTER _______________________________________________________________ Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2000 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved. For permission to reproduce material from this newsletter, contact Barry Traver at email@example.com. Permission is hereby granted, however, to pass along this issue to others, provided that (1) no changes are made and (2) it is passed along in its entirety. To subscribe, write to firstname.lastname@example.org, including "Subscribe to CATI" in the Subject line and including in the body your real name and the email address to which you wish CATI sent. _______________________________________________________________ 1. THE IMPORTANCE OF BACKUPS TO GET YOUR SYSTEM "BACK UP" One thing that I emphasized to my students in the computer science courses that I taught at City Center Academy (an urban multiracial Christian high school, a ministry of Tenth Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia) was the vital importance of backing up important files. This lesson, however, is one that perhaps most of us learn only the hard way. That is, sadly it is sometimes only after valuable files have been lost forever that the importance of backups is realized. I have greater hopes and expectations for readers of CATI (and this means YOU!), but you will need to put into practice a specific plan to protect important material on the hard drive of your computer. Whether it be putting important data files (such as significant word processing documents) on floppies or backing up your hard drive onto Zip disks, another hard drive, or even CD-ROMs (more about that in a moment), you need to decide (if you have not done so already) how you want to safeguard the important information on your system. We live in a fallen world, and that "fallenness" applies also to computers (you may have seen the slogan, "To err is human, ...but it takes a computer to really mess things up"). We as Christians ought to recognize the fallenness of creation and plan accordingly so as to minimize the harm we may experience as a result of the fact that, for example, hard drives - given enough time - will crash. It's not a question of "whether": it's only a question of "when." Listen to these comments from Fred Langa: "...hard drives fail more often than many people think. Some users are lulled unto a false sense of security when they see that, say, their hard drive has a MTBF or 'mean time between failure' of something like 25,000 hours in normal service. Sounds impressive, no? But 25,000 hours is only 2.8 years, and 'mean time' means that half the drives will fail *sooner* than that. With just a little bad luck, you could be looking at a drive failure in just a year or so." http://www.langa.com/newsletters/2000/2000-10-16.htm#2 When that takes place (or perhaps when lesser drive mishaps take place, such as the corruption or deletion of particular files), you'll be glad that you have backups. At the very minimum you should back up important data files (such as word processing documents), but some CATI readers may want to go beyond that to back up their hard drive in such a way that they can restore their entire system if necessary rather than having to re-install everything from scratch. Here are the steps you can use to back up a hard drive, if you are running Windows 95 or Windows 98 (taken from the Web site at eHow.com): "eHow to Back Up a Hard Drive by Andrew Nunn.... 1. Connect a drive with a disk that can hold the information you want to back up (such as a Zip drive, a CD-RW drive [a CD-ReWritable drive, although a CD-R or CD-Recordable drive will also work] or a second hard disk drive). 2. Open the Start menu and select Programs. 3. In the submenu that appears, click Accessories, then System Tools. 4. Click Backup to run Microsoft's Backup program. 5. Answer the questions presented to you by the Backup Wizard for the easiest backup experience. (The wizard will ask you what you want to back up, where you want to store the backup, if you want the data to be verified and/or compressed, and what you want to name the backup.) 6. Click Next after you answer each question. 7. Click Start to commence the backup.... To restore a disk from a backup, open the Tools menu in the Backup utility and select Restore Wizard." http://ehow.com/eHow/eHow/0,1053,2459,00.html Suppose you're running Windows ME (Millennium Edition) instead of Windows 95 or Windows 98. Here's advice from David Pogue: "Windows Me comes with free backup software called Backup, but you'd never know it. Backup isn't installed by the Windows Me installer, nor does the program appear as a component you can add with the Add/Remove Programs control panel. Instead, you must install it manually from the Windows Me CD, like this: 1. Insert your Windows Me CD-ROM. When the welcome window appears, click Cancel.... 2. Click Browse This CD.... 3. Open the 'add-ons' folder, then the 'MSBackup' folder. Double-click the 'msbexp.exe' icon. An installer whirls into action." --David Pogue, Windows Millennium: The Missing Manual (Pogue Press/O'Reilly, 2000), page 334. By the way, if you're running Windows Me, here's where you can find more information at Amazon.com on Pogue's helpful book: http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/059600009X/travertabletalk If you have a Mac, you may want to check out the advice from Doctor Mac: How to... Back up your hard drive http://www.doctormac.net/Questions/backup.html As I already said, you may want to do more than back up your important data files: you may want to back up your system itself. Fred Langa makes an important point here: "Backups are usually file-by-file copies. That's fine for data files--- the word processing documents, spreadsheets (etc.) that you create on your system. With a backup of these files, if the live copy on your hard drive gets lost or munged, you can replace it with a good copy from your backup set. "But standard backups aren't so good for helping to restore system files. That's because a standard Windows-based file-by-file backup can't access any files that are in use when the backup is being made (and this usually includes Windows' system files). Because those files can't be backed up, they can't be restored from the backup if such a file becomes corrupted and causes instability and crashes. Your data is safe, but you may still have to rebuild or reinstall the OS [Operating System] itself." http://www.langa.com/newsletters/2000/2000-10-16.htm#1 Thus Langa recommends "drive imaging," which can be done to either another hard drive or to a CD-ROM (if your hardware includes a CD-Recordable or CD-ReWritable drive): "...drive imaging is a low-level sector-by-sector copy of your hard drive--- all files, no exceptions. Thus, a drive image is an excellent way to restore not only data files, but also system files and all your system settings, tweaks, and tunings -- everything, no exceptions. Drive imaging also copies the structure of the drive contents--- the way the files are laid out. So,...when you restore that image, you'll get what you started with.... "Any backup is better than no backup. But drive imaging is a kind of 'ultimate' backup that goes far beyond what ordinary backups can do. In my opinion, imaging is about as good as it gets." http://www.langa.com/newsletters/2000/2000-10-16.htm#1 To do drive imaging, you'll need either another hard drive or (Langa's recommendation) a CD-Recordable drive, which is a hardware device that can make CD-ROMs in addition to reading them: "The best answer for long-term storage of image files is a CD-R system, and if that sounds exotic, well, here's a clue: Even WalMart and K-Mart, those bastions of mainstream America, now sell CD-Rs and blank CD-R disks. By definition, if you can buy stuff there, it's not exotic anymore! "CD-Rs also aren't expensive: You can buy a CD-R drive (including the required software) for under $100, and the blank CDs cost about 50 cents each when you buy them by the pack (or 'spindle'). A spindle of 30 blanks CD-R discs might cost you around $15 and will let you store over 19,000 megabytes of data. There's no cheaper way to do it." http://www.winmag.com/columns/explorer/2000/20.htm You may find the average prices to be perhaps twice those suggested by Fred Langa, but it can still be a bargain. Not all CATI readers will want to go into drive imaging, but you should know the option exists, in case it is something that you would like to do. The main point is this: you can restore what you back up. You have to decide what it is important for you not to lose. If you back up important documents, you'll still have them if (when?) your hard drive crashes. If you back up more than that, then you will have saved more that can be restored. The choice is up to you, but it is the rare person who has nothing of value on his hard drive that he or she would not mind losing. The importance of backups is that they help protect important files (word processing documents, etc.) and/or help you get your computer "back up" and running if you have problems with your hard drive. You don't have to read all the Web pages that are mentioned here: obviously there's no need for that. I just want to give you some choices, so that if you don't find one to be quite what you're after, you can try another. Here's where to find some relevant or related articles at About.com: How to Backup Your Data http://windows.about.com/compute/windows/library/howto/htbackup.htm A Painless [or Pain-Free] Backup Strategy http://windows.about.com/compute/windows/library/weekly/aa030200a.htm What Color Is Your Backup Drive?: Part 1: Backup for Document Managing and Archiving http://peripherals.about.com/compute/peripherals/library/weekly/aa102599.htm What Color Is Your Backup Drive?: Part 2: Backup for Disaster Recovery http://peripherals.about.com/compute/peripherals/library/weekly/aa110399.htm What Color Is Your Backup Drive?: Part 3: Backup for Beginners http://peripherals.about.com/compute/peripherals/library/weekly/aa111599.htm (The preceding Web addresses need to be on one line to work in your Web browser.) Here's where you can find lots of comments from Fred Langa on "bullet-proofing" your system (although his emphasis is on drive imaging through using a CD-recordable drive or a second hard drive): "Bullet-Proof Your Windows Setup" (Winmat.com, 2000-09-25) http://www.winmag.com/columns/explorer/2000/20.htm "Don't Wait Too Long To 'Bullet-Proof' Your System" (LangaLists, 2000-09-28) http://www.langa.com/newsletters/2000/2000-09-28.htm#1 "Free 'Bullet-Proofing'?" (LangaList, 2000-10-02) http://www.langa.com/newsletters/2000/2000-10-02.htm#5 "Other 'Bullet-Proofing' Ideas" (LangaList, 2000-10-05) http://www.langa.com/newsletters/2000/2000-10-05.htm#7 "Reader Q & A On Drive Imaging & Backups (LangaList, 2000-10-16) http://www.langa.com/newsletters/2000/2000-10-16.htm#1 "Alternatives to CD-R?" http://www.langa.com/newsletters/2000/2000-10-16.htm#2 By the way, if you are interested in subscribing to Fred Langa's LangaList, a free email newsletter that I find to be very helpful, here's where you can do it: http://www.langa.com/newsletter.htm Some of the articles may be too technical for you (they are for me!), but you can skip over them and just pay attention to what you do find helpful. (The same approach can be used with CATI: some articles will be more helpful than others, but it is hoped that you'll find at least one article in each issue to be useful or enjoyable.) _______________________________________________________________ 2. MODERN REFORMATION: UPDATE ON NEW ISSUES AND ARTICLES Modern Reformation is a magazine published by the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals, of which Dr. James Montgomery Boice (of Tenth Presbyterian Church and the Bible Study Hour) served as President before his recent death). An index of Modern Reformation articles (including the many available online on the Web) was published earlier in CATI: MODERN REFORMATION ARTICLES, A-G BY AUTHOR http://www.traver.org/cati/archives/cati23.htm#3 MODERN REFORMATION ARTICLES, H-M BY AUTHOR http://www.traver.org/cati/archives/cati24.htm#2 MODERN REFORMATION ARTICLES, N-Z BY AUTHOR http://www.traver.org/cati/archives/cati25.htm#2 You can find the three CATI articles combined at the following address: CATI on Modern Reformation http://traver.org/cati/misc/mrace.htm Many of the articles "NOT AVAILABLE ONLINE" may be available in hardcopy issues for purchase directly from ACE; check their Web site for information: Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals: Modern Reformation http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr.html Here are new issues and articles not included in that index: NEW ISSUES: 2000 Jul/Aug 2000: Through One Man Sin, Through One Man Righteousness http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr00/mr0004.toc.html Sep/Oct 2000: Why Two Kingdoms? http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr00/mr0005.toc.html (The following Web addresses need to be on one line to work in your Web browser.) NEW ARTICLES: Arand, Charles, and Michael Horton "A Lutheran-Reformed Conversation on the Covenant of Works/Covenant of Grace Distinction" http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr00/2000.04.JulAug/mr0004.cpa.msh.luthvsref.html Baugh, S.M. "Covenant Theology Illustrated: Romans 5 on the Federal Headship of Adam and Christ" http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr00/2000.04.JulAug/mr0004.smb.TheologyIllus.html Boice, James M., Harry Reeder, and Joel Nederhood "Our Promise Keeping God" (Excerpts from plenary addresses delivered at the Philadelphia Conference on Reformation Theology) http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr00/2000.04.JulAug/mr0004.jmb.hr.jn.pkGod.html Eberly, Don "The Common Good and Common Grace: Christians at the Crossroads in the Public Square" http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr00/2000.05.SeptOct/mr0005.eberly.common.html George, Timothy "Practicing the Two Kingdoms: The Baptist Ideal of a Free Church in a Free State" NOT AVAILABLE ONLINE (Sep/Oct 2000) Horton, Michael "The Covenantal Summons: When God Gathers His People in Worship" http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr00/2000.04.JulAug/mr0004.msh.covenantsummon.html "Defining the Two Kingdoms: One of Luther and Calvin's Great Recoveries" NOT AVAILABLE ONLINE (Sep/Oct 2000) Monsma, Timothy H. "The Eternal Kingdom -- Already Initiated in Christ, But Yet to Come in its Fullness" NOT AVAILABLE ONLINE (Sep/Oct 2000) Schaefer, Paul "The New England Antinomian Controversy" http://www.alliancenet.org/pub/mr/mr00/2000.04.JulAug/mr0004.ps.neantinomian.html VanDrunen, David "Roman Catholics and Their One Kingdom: A Report on John Paul II's Ecclesia in Asia" NOT AVAILABLE ONLINE (Sep/Oct 2000) _______________________________________________________________ 3. MY NAPARC-PLUS WEB DIRECTORY, PART EIGHT: PCA CHURCHES, T-Z (continued from previous issue) I'm in the process of putting together a directory of churches in conservative Reformed denominations (primarily those in NAPARC) that have Web pages. To addition to the six NAPARC denominations, I also intend to include in my own directory congregations that belong to the United Reformed Churches of North America, a denomination which holds similar convictions. The eighth installment to the Web directory of churches is the fourth part of a list of congregations in the Presbyterian Church in America who are on the Internet. (Please notify me of any errors that need to be corrected or additions that should be made to the list. Thanks!) Here's the denominational home page for the PCA: Presbyterian Church in America http://www.pcanet.org/ Here's where you'll find a directory of congregations in the PCA: Presbyterian Church in America: Church Directory http://220.127.116.11/directory.asp Some PCA congregations do not yet have a Web page, but here are some I know of that do (T-Z, by state, plus Canada): UNITED STATES TENNESSEE Chattanooga First Presbyterian Church, Chattanooga http://www.1stpresbyterian.com/ Mountain View Presbyterian Church, Chattanooga Pastor: Dr. King Counts http://mtviewpres.freeservers.com/ TENNESSEE Clarksville Clarksville Presbyterian Church, Clarksville Pastor: Rev. Dr. Curt McDaniel http://www.clarksvillepca.org/ Franklin Christ Community Church, Franklin Pastor: Rev. Scott W. Smith http://www.christcommunity.org/ Kingsport Bridwell Heights Presbyterian Church, Kingsport Pastor: Rev. Larry E. Ball http://pages.preferred.com/~wppca/BHPC1.HTM Knoxville Cedar Springs Presbyterian Church, Knoxville Pastor: Rev. John M. Wood http://www.cspc.net/ Lookout Mountain Lookout Mountain Presbyterian Church, Lookout Mountain Pastor: Rev. Joseph V. Novenson http://www.lmpc.org/ Murfreesboro Trinity Presbyterian Church, Murfreesboro Pastor: Rev. E. Bruce O'Neil http://www.sitelodge.com/tpc/ Nashville Christ Presbyterian Church, Nashville Pastor: Rev. Charles E. McGowan http://www.christpres.org/ Covenant Presbyterian Church, Nashville Pastor: Rev. S. James Bachmann http://www.covenantpres.com/ West End Community Church, Nashville Pastor: Rev. G. Carter Crenshaw http://www.westendcc.org/ Signal Mountain Wayside Presbyterian Church, Signal Mountain Pastor: Rev. Marshall C. St. John http://www.waysidechurch.org/ TEXAS Austin Choong Hyun Presbyterian Church of Austin (Korean), Austin Pastor: Rev. In Sung Lee http://www.choonghyunaustin.net/ CrossPointe Church, Austin Pastor: Rev. Jerry R. Rahm http://www.crosspte.org/ Redeemer Presbyterian Church, Austin Pastor: Rev. James Paul Hahn, Jr. http://www.redeemerpres.org/ Bellaire Southwest Presbyterian Church, Bellaire Pastor: Rev. David L. Wakeland http://www.swpres.org/ Corpus Christi Southside Community Church, Corpus Christi Pastor: Rev. Michael P. Groves http://www.southsidepca.org/ Dallas Park Cities Presbyterian Church, Dallas Pastor: Rev. Joseph F. Ryan http://www.pcpc.org/ El Paso Christ the King Presbyterian Church, El Paso Pastor: Rev. Thomas R. Johnson http://www.ctkpca.org/ Flower Mound Christ Presbyterian Church, Flower Mound Pastor: Rev. David A. Sherwood http://www.ChristPresbyterian.org/ Fort Worth Fort Worth Presbyterian Church, Fort Worth Pastor: Rev. Michael C. Sharrett http://www.fortworthpca.org/ Gainesville Westminster Presbyterian Church, Gainesville Pastor: Rev. Darrell G. McIntyre http://www2.nortexinfo.net/wpc/ Houston Christ the King Presbyterian Church, Houston Pastor: Rev. Leo R. Schuster, III http://www.christthekinghouston.org/ Katy (Houston Area) Christ Church, Katy Pastor: Rev. John-Gregory Farrell http://www.christchurchkaty.org/ Midland New Life Presbyterian Church, Midland, Texas Pastor: Rev. Mark Spellman http://www.newlifepca.org/ Plano Trinity Presbyterian Church, Plano Pastor: Rev. Thomas H. Egbert http://www.trinityplano.org/ Richardson Town North Presbyterian Church, Richardson Pastor: Rev. David H. Clelland http://www.tnpc.org/ San Antonio Oakwood Community Church, San Antonio http://www.OakwoodChurch.com/ Southlake Lakeside Presbyterian Church, Southlake Pastor: Rev. David S. Boxerman http://www.PCAchurchesDFW.com/ Spring Spring Cypress Presbyterian Church, Spring Pastor: Rev. Robert M. Ferguson http://www.scpca.edu/ Tyler Fifth Street Presbyterian Church, Tyler Pastor: Rev. Ronald J. Brady http://www.5thstpca.org/ Victoria Christ Presbyterian Church, Victoria Pastor: Mike Singenstreu http://www.victoriatexasonline.com/infocpc.html Webster Bay Area Presbyterian Church, Webster Pastor: Rev. Jan Paul Sattem http://www.bayareapresbyterian.org/ The Woodlands Grace Presbyterian Church, The Woodlands Pastor: Rev. David J. Wilcher http://www.gracewoodlands.org/ UTAH Layton Grace Church of Utah, Layton Pastor: Rev. Mike Howard http://www.GraceUtah.org/ Salt Lake City New Song Salt Lake Church, Salt Lake City http://www.newsong.org/ VIRGINIA Alexandria Alexandria Presbyterian Church, Alexandria Pastor: Rev. Thomas G. Holliday http://www.apc-online.org/ Arlington Christ Church of Arlington, Arlington Pastor: Rev. James M. Hutchens http://www.christchurcharlington.net/ Fredericksburg New City Fellowship, Fredericksburg Pastor: Rev. Bob Becker http://newcityfellowship.org Hampton Calvary Reformed Presbyterian Church, Hampton Pastor: Rev. Kerry W. Hurst http://www.clearlight.com/~crpc/ Leesburg Potomac Hills Community Church, Leesburg Pastor: Rev. David V. Silvernail, Jr. http://www.potomachills.com/ Reston Reston Presbyterian Church, Reston Pastor: Rev. John B. Stringer http://www.restonpca.org/ Richmond All Saints Reformed Presbyterian Church, Richmond Pastor: Rev. Howard Griffith http://www.geocities.com/all_saints_23235/ West End Presbyterian Church, Richmond Pastor: Rev. Steven T. Shelby http://wepc.org/ Roanoke Westminster Presbyterian Church, Roanoke Pastor: Rev. John R. Furman http://www.westpca.org/ Vienna Korean Central Presbyterian Church of Washington, Vienna (warning: long download for Korean text display support) Pastor: Rev. Won Sang Lee http://www.kcpc.org/ Virginia Beach New Covenant Presbyterian Church, Virginia Beach Pastor: Rev. Joseph A. Mullen, III http://www.newcovenantpca.org/ New Life Presbyterian Church, Virginia Beach Pastor: Rev. Wallace E. Sherbon, Jr. http://www.newlifevb.org/ Woodbridge Grace Reformed Presbyterian Church, Woodbridge Pastor: Rev. James N. Spurgeon http://customers.doubled.com/~grpc/ WASHINGTON Bainbridge Island Cross Sound Church, Bainbridge Island Pastor: Rev. Paul F. Schuler http://www.cross-sound.net/ Seattle Green Lake Presbyterian Church, Seattle Pastor: Rev. Michael F. Kelly http://www.GreenLakePC.org/ Spokane Faith Presbyterian Church, Spokane Pastor: Rev. Brian M. Abshire http://members.aol.com/faithpca/ Tacoma Faith Presbyterian Church, Tacoma Pastor: Dr. Robert S. Rayburn http://www.faithtacoma.org/ Vancouver Westminster Presbyterian Church, Vancouver Pastor: Rev. James E. Bordwine, II http://www.solochristo.org/ WISCONSIN Merrill Bible Presbyterian Church, Merrill Pastor: Rev. Robert T. Smallman http://home.dwave.net/~smallman/ Wales Lakeside Presbyterian Church, Wales Pastor: Rev. Jeffrey Pennington http://www.lakeside-church.org/ Waukesha Cornerstone Church, Waukesha Pastor: Rev. Christopher P. Vogel http://www.execpc.com/~crnrstn/ http://www.cornerstone-pca.org/cornerstone1.html WYOMING Cheyenne Northwoods Presbyterian Church, Cheyenne Pastor: Rev. David S. Kniseley http://www.frii.com/~kfollett/northwoodspca.html CANADA ALBERTA Edmonton Crestwood Presbyterian Church, Edmonton Pastor: Rev. Herbert E. Gibson http://fn2.freenet.edmonton.ab.ca/~cwoodpca/ BRITISH COLUMBIA Vernon New Beginnings Community Church Pastor: Rev. Dave Bootsma http://members.truepath.com/newbeginnings/ _______________________________________________________________ 4. COMICS UPDATE: REORGANIZATION OF KING FEATURES WEB SITE This is a follow-up to an article on comic strips published in CATI 1/34. You'll find that article here: SOME GOOD COMICS ON THE WEB: WHERE TO FIND THEM http://www.traver.org/cati/archives/cati35.htm#1 Some of the links originally in that article no longer work, since King Features sometime after publication of my article reorganized its Web site. Here are new working versions of the King Features links (unless they reorganize their site again, of course!): King Features Comics Links to The Amazing Spiderman, Apartment 3-G, Baby Blues, Barney Google and Snuffy Smith, Beetle Bailey, The Better Half, Between Friends, Blondie, Bobo's Progress, Buckles, Claire, Crock, Curtis, Dennis the Menace, Dinette Set, Family Circus, Flash Gordon, Funky Winkerbean, Grin and Bear It, Hagar the Horrible, Hazel, Henry, Hi and Lois, Horrorscope, I Need Help, Judge Parker, Katzenjammer Kids, The Lockhorns, Mallard Fillmore, Mandrake the Magician, Mark Trail, Marvin, Mary Worth, Moose & Molly, Mutts, The New Breed, The Norm, On the Fastrack, The Phantom, Piranha Club, Pop's Place, Popeye, Prince Valiant, Ralph, Redeye, Rex Morgan, M.D., Rhymes with Orange, Safe Havens, Sally Forth, Sam and Silo, Sherman's Lagoon, Six Chix, Slylock Fox and Comics for Kids, Steve Roper and Mike Nomad, They'll Do It Every Time, Tiger, Trudy, Tumbleweeds, Willy 'n Ethel, Zippy the Pinhead, and Zits. Apparently Boner's Ark and Bringing Up Father are no longer carried by King Features or, as far as I know, even available elsewhere on the Web at the present time. (By the way, note that Moose Miller has been retitled Moose and Molly, although that change is not consistent on the King Features site.) http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/comics.htm Blondie http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/blondie/about.htm Dennis the Menace http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/dennis/about.htm Family Circus http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/familyc/about.htm Henry http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/henry/about.htm Hi and Lois http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/hi_lois/about.htm Tiger http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/tiger/about.htm These comics are not, of course, specifically "Christian" in content, but -- as with the other comic strips mentioned in the earlier article -- they do tend in general to represent clean, wholesome humor. By the way, you'll also find on the Web various sites devoted to particular comic strips. For example, if you are a Calvin and Hobbes fan, in addition to individual sites there are a number of WebRings specifically devoted to Calvin and Hobbes: Calvin and Hobbes Conglomerate (33 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=calhob&id=26&list Calvin and Hobbes Free-4-All Ring (25 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=free4all&list The Best Calvin and Hobbes Ring (2 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=tras25&list The Calvin and Hobbes Ring (37 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=calvinman&list THE Calvin and Hobbes Webring (6 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=calhobarchive&list The Great Calvin & Hobbes Ring (18 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=calfan&list The Sleek Calvin and Hobbes Webring (64 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=calvin66&list That's a total of 185 Calvin and Hobbes Web sites, and that is just those included within WebRings. And here are some WebRings devoted to Peanuts (Charlie Brown, Lucy, Linus, Snoopy, Woodstock, and others): Snoopy & Peanuts Webring (33 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=snoopy2&list Snoopy Webring (24 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=goodgrief&list Snoopy's Flying Ace Web RIng (19 sites) http://nav.webring.yahoo.com/hub?ring=flyingace&list From these examples, it is very evident that some comic strips have devoted fans. Do comic strips deserve such a devotion? "Devotion" is a term often used in a religious sense (such as when we speak of meditative times before God as "devotions"), and -- here as elsewhere -- we need to remember that there is a certain devotion which only God ought to receive. Indeed we may devote some of our time to various hobbies and interests (including visiting or even creating the Web sites related to them), since God has given us all things richly to enjoy (and I think that even includes comic strips!), but we need to keep in mind that our primary devotion should be given to God alone. As in any other area of life, we are to enjoy the creation while giving glory to the Creator. So enjoy the time you spend with the comic strips (and with the sites devoted to them), as long as that does not keep you from spending appropriate time with your friends, with your family, and with God. And praise Him for man's creativity, because the cartoonist (Christian or non-Christian) can only be creative because the Creator God created mankind in His own likeness (see Genesis 1), so that mankind (including the comic strip creator) can also be creative. What makes a comic strip "comic"? Some have argued that the essence of humor is the fact of discrepancy: a difference between what is expected and what is said or takes place, a difference often between things as they ought to be and things as they are. If this is true, then humor may be one of the bitter-sweet consequences of the fall. If that theory of humor has any real merit, then Christians may be in a particular place to understand and benefit from humor in addition to simply enjoying it. The best humor does not mock the sacred (such as the sanctity of marriage or of life), but it may remind us of our shortcomings as limited, fallen human beings as we stand before an infinite, holy God. By the way, if you're not sure what a WebRing is, check out these earlier articles on WebRings in CATI 1/4 and 1/5: A CHRISTIAN WEBRING: REFORMED WOMEN SERVING CHRIST http://www.traver.org/cati/archives/cati04.htm#2 MORE ON WEBRINGS, CHRISTIAN AND OTHERWISE http://www.traver.org/cati/archives/cati05.htm#1 Enjoy! _______________________________________________________________ 5. SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION FOR THIS NEWSLETTER This is the thirty-seventh issue of a free newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet" ("CATI," pronounced "Katy," but spelled with a "C" and an "I" for "Christians" and the "Internet"). To subscribe, write to email@example.com, including "Subscribe to CATI" in the Subject line and including in the body your real name and the email address to which you wish CATI sent. Past issues: you'll find archives of past issues of CATI available online at http://traver.org/cati. "It's not a pretty site," but hopefully it may be a useful one.) ________________________________________________________________ Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2000 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved. For permission to reproduce material from this newsletter, contact Barry Traver at firstname.lastname@example.org. Permission is hereby granted, however, to pass along this issue to others, provided that (1) no changes are made and (2) it is passed along in its entirety.