"Christians and the Internet" newsletter CATI, Vol. 2, No. 1: January 5, 2001. _______________________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. BUYING BOOKS AND/OR READING BOOKS ON THE WEB 2. WEB PAGE BUILDING: A VERY BASIC INTRODUCTION TO HTML 3. SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION FOR THIS NEWSLETTER _______________________________________________________________ Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2000 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved. For permission to reproduce material from this newsletter, contact Barry Traver at firstname.lastname@example.org. Permission is hereby granted, however, to pass along this issue to others, provided that (1) no changes are made and (2) it is passed along in its entirety. To subscribe, write to email@example.com, including "Subscribe to CATI" in the Subject line and including in the body your real name and the email address to which you wish CATI sent. _______________________________________________________________ 1. BUYING BOOKS AND/OR READING BOOKS ON THE WEB Whether you're looking for an out-of-print, used book or for a brand-new title, the World Wide Web can help! Many books are available online (especially those that are old enough that the copyright has expired, such as works that were originally published in the 19th century or earlier). If, however, you prefer good, old-fashioned offline versions (many of us do: we have over 10,000 such books in our home!), the Web often can help you find even hard-to-find books at great prices. The purpose of this article is to suggest some Web sites that you may want to check out. Some of them deal specifically with Christian books, while other sites deal with books in general. Of the Christian sites, some are specifically Reformed in perspective, while others are more broadly evangelical. The sites are simply sample suggestions: I make no pretense as to the list's being complete or comprehensive. If you have other sites to suggest that are not on my list, please send me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Thanks! Important: the sites below are suggested sites and are not necessarily recommended sites. Some I have used extensively; some I have not. In general, most are "worth a look," but it's up to you to decide whether they're worth a second look. (In fact, my brief comments for each may help you decide whether you want to take the time for even a first look.) My purpose is to present a list of sites that may be helpful to readers of CATI who also regularly read books (which I think includes most or all CATI readers). SOME GENERAL BOOKSELLERS (mostly new books) Amazon.com "Amazon.com opened its virtual doors in July 1995 with a mission to use the Internet to transform book buying into the fastest, easiest, and most enjoyable shopping experience possible. While our customer base and product offerings have grown considerably since our early days, we still maintain our founding commitment to customer satisfaction and the delivery of an educational and inspiring shopping experience.... We're very proud that 20 million people in more than 160 countries have made us the leading online shopping site." You can get there by using the www.amazon.com address, but if you use the following address and decide to purchase a book, I may get a small commission (although it hasn't happened yet): http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/redirect-home/travertabletalk Barnes & Noble One of the top three online general bookstores (the other two are Amazon.com and Borders). http://www.bn.com/ Borders One of the top three online general bookstores (the other two are Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble). http://www.borders.com/ SOME GENERAL BOOKSELLERS (mostly out-of-print or used books) BookCloseOuts.com This site claims to be "the best seller in bargain books." Most of the titles they carry are "remaindered" or overstock titles, but if you like books, this is a nice place to shop. I've taken advantage of some of their $2.99 "super bargain" computer books and not been disappointed, but they carry books of all kinds. You can browse by category, by author, or by publisher. Among the many publishers represented are not only secular publishers, but also religious publishers, such as Bethany House, Campus Crusade for Christ, Eerdmans, Fleming H. Revell Company, Focus on the Family Publishing, Moody Press, Thomas Nelson, Tyndale House Publishers, Word Books, Youth Specialties, and Zondervan. Caution: many of these books are not only out-of-print, but they deserve to be! Also, some books are "closeouts" because a later, updated edition has been published. If, however, you know what you're doing, you can "find [some] quality titles for 50-90% OFF the list price." http://www.bookcloseouts.com/ Bunches of Books "At Bunches of Books you can find all kinds of used books. We specialize in used college textbooks, but we also have a large selection of other used books at low prices including fiction books, cook books, self help, gardening, arts and craft books, picture books, religious books, computer books, modern literature, biography, science fiction books, mystery, poetry, music books and more! With over 40,000 different titles in our warehouse you can be sure to find the books you need and at prices that are some of the lowest around." http://www.bunchesofbooks.com/ Powell's "Yahoo! Internet Life magazine tested more than 100 e-tailers for its 2000 Holiday Shopping Guide – and, hey, guess who won the award for Best Book Site? 'For book browsing and buying,' Yahoo! writes, 'we'll stick with Powell's, which combines convenience and customer care with a passion for the written word.'" http://www.powells.com/ SOME GENERAL BOOK SEARCH SITES (mostly used books) Of these sites, the one I regularly use the most is Advanced Book Exchange. Advanced Book Exchange, Inc. (abebooks.com) "abebooks.com is the world's largest network of independent booksellers; our extended family currently includes well over 7000 used and antiquarian booksellers. With an inventory of over 23 million books, the Advanced Book Exchange truly has more used, rare and antiquarian books than anywhere else.... The Advance Book Exchange uses the Internet to bring together buyers and sellers of used, out-of-print, rare and antiquarian books. We've placed the combined inventory of our member booksellers into one database, which anyone in the world can browse or search. abebooks.com's role is to bring the buyer and seller together." I myself have personally found this site to be quite helpful on occasion in locating hard-to-find, out-of-print books. http://www.abebooks.com/ bibliofind "More than 20 million used and rare books, periodicals and ephemera offered for sale by thousands of booksellers around the world make this the most interesting book-selling site on the Web." http://www.bibliofind.com/ BookFinder.com "The ultimate resource for book shoppers! Over 20 million new, used, rare, and out of print books at your fingertips...." "BookFinder.com is a one-stop search site that lets users view the collections of over 20,000 [?] sellers of new, used, rare, and out-of-print books." http://www.bookfinder.com/ UsedBooksearch "A used book search engine for secondhand, rare and out of print books. Search, browse and buy online from thousands of bookstores worldwide. We do not sell used books but provide a unique ONE HIT search facility to enable you to go straight to those sites that do have your secondhand book for sale." http://www.usedbooksearch.co.uk/ SOME GENERAL BOOK PRICE-COMPARISON SITES In spite of some of the names (such as AllBookStores.com and EveryBookstore.com), these sites do not compare prices at "all bookstores" or "every bookstore," but at a limited number of sites. You may be better off comparing prices through abebooks.com. AddALL.com (41 bookstores compared) AddALL.com "searches among the following online bookstores to find you the book you want at a price you'll love: new--1000's of Discount Books, 1Bookstreet, A1Books, Alphabet Street, Alphacraze, Amazon, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.de, Amazon.fr, Barnes & Noble.com, Blackwell.co.uk, BOL.de, BOL.co.uk, Books A Million, BookBuyers Outlet, BookCloseOuts, Bookpool, Borders, Brian's Books, Chapters.ca, Classbook, Cody's Books, CountryBookstore, ecampus.com, Fatbrain.com, Half.com, Hamiltonbook.com, Indigo, Proxis.com, Powells, WHSmith online bookshop.co.uk, Textbooksatcost, Textbooksource.net, TotalCampus.com. and VarsityBooks.com; used--Abebooks, Alibris, Antiqbook, Bibliofind, Biblion, BookCloseOuts, JustBooks, and Powells. http://www.addall.com/ AllBookStores.com (32 bookstores compared) At AllBookStores.com you can "compare dozens of online book stores to find the lowest price." Here are the specific online bookstores that they check: 1Bookstreet, A1Books, Alibris, AllBooks4less, AlphaCraze, Amazon.com, Audio Book Club, Barnes & Noble, BookCloseOuts, BookPool, Books-A-Million, Books for Cooks, Borders, buy.com, Chapters.ca, ChristianBook.com, ChristianSuperStore, ClassBook.com, ElephantBooks.com, FatBrain, GoGoCity.com, Half.com, Indigo.ca, Page One, Powell's Books, RecordedBooks.com, Scholar's Bookshelf, textbooksatcost.com, TextbookSource, Total Campus, VarsityBooks.com, and WordsWorth. http://www.allbookstores.com/ Best Book Buys (23 bookstores compared) At Best Book Buys, you can "search dozens of bookstores to find the lowest price." Here are the specific online bookstores that they check: 1BookStreet, A1Books, allbooks4less, Amazon.com, Barnes & Noble, BookCloseOuts, BookPool, BooksAMillion, Borders, buy.com, ChristianBook.com, Classbook.com, Discount-PCBooks.com, eCampus, FatBrain, half.com, HamiltonBook, Page One, Powell's Books, Readme.doc, textbooksatcost.com, TextbookSource.net, and VarsityBooks.com. http://www.bestbookbuys.com/ EveryBookstore.com (39 bookstores compared) EveryBookstore.com offers "fast and easy comparison shopping at more than 30 online bookstores," comparing prices at the following: 1000's of Discount Books, 1BookStreet, A1Books, Alibris, AllBooks4Less, AlphaCraze, Amazon.com, Audio Book Club, Barnes and Noble, Big Words, BookCloseOuts, BookPool, Books-A-Million, Books for Cooks, Books Now, Borders, buy.com, Chapters.ca, Cheapy Books, ChristianBook.com, ChristianSuperStore, Classbook.com, ElephantBooks.com, Fatbrain, GoGoCity, Half.com, HamiltonBook, Indigo.ca, Page One, Powell's, Recorded Books, Inc., SeekBooks, The Scholars Bookshelf, textbooksatcost.com, TextbookSource.net, Total Campus, Varsity Books, VCSS, and WordsWorth). http://www.everybookstore.com/ SOME GENERAL BOOKS AVAILABLE ONLINE As usual, you should exercise Christian discretion and discernment in your choice of what to read. Alex Catalogue of Electronic Texts "The Alex Catalogue of Electronic Texts is a collection of public domain documents from American and English literature as well as Western philosophy." http://www.infomotions.com/alex/ Bartleby.com Bartleby.com claims to be "the preeminent Internet publisher of literature, reference and verse providing students, researchers and the intellectually curious with unlimited access to books and information on the web, free of charge." http://www.bartleby.com/ bibliomania "Bibliomania is the leading online literature library with hundreds of searchable full text classics: a superb educational resource. Visit the Read section for the best in classic fiction, drama, poetry and short stories each prefaced with author biographies, book summaries and links to Bibliomania recommended literary web sites.... The Study section has study guides on the most commonly studied texts and teacher resources with examples of how to use Bibliomania in the classroom and links to the best teacher focused web sites. Our Research section has an extensive collection of dictionaries, reference books, religious texts, biographies and important non-fiction books." http://www.bibliomania.com/ BUBL LINK: Book and Text Collections Here you will find 74 links (with annotated notes at the right side of the page) to online "book and text collections." Some of the sites are quite useful, others less so. http://www.bubl.ac.uk/link/types/books.htm Free Library of Classics "The Free Library of Classics provides free on-line books, etexts; over 200 of the world's most famous novels, plays, short stories, poems and historical documents in their entirety for your reading pleasure and edification." http://www.information-resources.com/Library/library.html Internet Public Library: Online Texts Collection "The Internet is a mess. Since nobody runs it, that's no surprise. There are a lot of interesting, worthwhile, and valuable things out there--and a lot that are a complete waste of time. Over the last few hundred years, librarians have become skilled at finding the good stuff, organizing it, and making it easier for people to find and use.... The Internet Public Library is the first public library of the Internet." "The IPL Online Texts Collection contains over 14,000 titles that can be browsed by author, by title, or by Dewey Decimal Classification. They can also be searched...." http://www.ipl.org/reading/books/ On-Line Books Page "The On-Line Books Page is a directory of books that can be freely read right on the Internet. It includes a index of thousands of on-line books on the Internet, pointers to significant directories and archives of on-line texts, special exhibits, ... and more! The On-Line Books Page was founded in 1993 by John Mark Ockerbloom at Carnegie Mellon University. He is now...at the University of Pennsylvania [and] remains the editor of the pages...." http://digital.library.upenn.edu/books/ Project Gutenberg "There are three portions of the Project Gutenberg Library... Light Literature; such as Alice in Wonderland, Through the Looking-Glass, Peter Pan, Aesop's Fables, etc.; Heavy Literature; such as the Bible or other religious documents, Shakespeare, Moby Dick, Paradise Lost, etc.; References; such as Roget's Thesaurus, almanacs, and a set of encyclopedia, dictionaries, etc." "We cannot publish any texts still in copyright. You will find the classic books from the start of this century and previous centuries, [such as] well-loved favorites like the Sherlock Holmes stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle [and] the Tarzan and Mars books of Edgar Rice Burroughs, and thousands of others." http://promo.net/pg/ SOME CHRISTIAN BOOKSELLERS (mostly new books, some used) Christian Book Distributors (CBD; Christianbook.com) "Christianbook.com is the online home of Christian Book Distributors, the world's largest distributor of Christian products. After being in business for over 20 years and operating exclusively as a catalog order company, Christian Book Distributors has now built this fast and efficient Web site to allow customers to order directly from their home PCs.... At Christianbook.com, low prices and quality merchandise go hand in hand.... [and] we're confident you'll discover that we have the best prices and selection of Christian products available anywhere on the World Wide Web." Caution: CBD carries many titles that are theologically questionable (but many good titles as well). Now that Great Christian Books (GCB) is out of business, my main mail-order source for general Christian books is probably Christian Book Distributors. They frequently have the best prices. http://www.christianbook.com/ Cumberland Valley Bible Book Service "At CVBBS we make Christian books and Bibles available at discount prices. We specialize in supplying Reformed books and Puritan books at prices that make them affordable to everyone. Use this web site and search engine to browse the thousands of titles that are available. Browse the newest releases, check out our current featured specials, or search the current catalog for a specific title or author...." The Web site offers weekly Internet specials as well as other specials (for example, at this time they are offering the complete works of Jonathan Edwards in two volumes for $56.99 and John Calvin's Commentary on the Bible in 22 volumes for $199.99). http://www.cvbbs.com/ Evangelical Bookshop (Belfast, Ireland) "The Evangelical Bookshop has as its mission to bring glory to God by the promotion of the Evangelical and Reformed Faith by circulating as many Bibles and Christ-honouring books as possible within an organised structure. The shop offers Bible versions that accurately reflect the original text, the entire lists of consistently Evangelical publishers, hundreds of titles from Baker Book House (USA), other Orthodox titles selected from the lists of major UK publishers, selections from publishers in the United States to fulfill needs not met in Britain, Puritan reprints from Soli Deo Gloria Publications at discounted prices, select second-hand books, computer software, Bible reading notes and Sunday School teaching aids, and special purchases and remainders offered at bargain prices." http://web.ukonline.co.uk/epc/bookshop.htm Grace Books International Claiming to be "the world's best Christian bookstore," Grace Books International is a ministry of Grace Community Church, Panorama City, California, a church that is pastored by John F. MacArthur, whose books are featured at the site. GBI offers three ways of getting help: "The easiest is via email. For general help, email email@example.com.... If you would like to interact live with a customer service representative over the internet during standard business hours (M-F 9am to 5pm), you can contact them via America Online Instant Messenger (AIM) (screenname: gbibookCSR)... Finally, there is the good old fashioned way -- voice. To speak with a customer service representative, you can call 1.800.GRACE15." http://www.gbibooks.com/ Kregel Christian Books & Resources: Used Books "As of January 1, 2001, a total of 151,096 titles of the over 200,000 books available from Kregel Used Books are listed in the on-line electronic catalog of used religious and out-of-print books. Books continue to turn over daily with approximately 2,000 volumes added monthly to the expanding catalog." http://www.gospelcom.net/kregel/usedbooks/index.html Presbyterian Church in America: Christian Education and Publications: Bookstore "All prices are at least 20% off suggested retail.,,, You can browse the inventory by clicking a particular category or you can search by entering a portion of the title, author or publisher. Never hesitate to call our staff at 1-800-283-1357. They are available 8am - 4pm EST Monday through Friday." http://www.pcanet.org/cep/Bookstore/Bookstore.htm Reformation Heritage Books, Inc. "Welcome to Reformation Heritage Books! Our entire selection of new books is available on-line at deeply discounted prices .... Download our complete new and used book catalogues to browse off-line." http://www.heritagebooks.org/default.asp Reformed Book Sales, Inc. "Welcome to Reformed Book Sales, Inc. We sell great Christian books. To protect our future, all voting shareholders are bound by oath to uphold the Westminster Confession of Faith." "Ok, we admit it. We're not the first bookstore on the World Wide Web. But hey, neither was amazon.com! We're not the first, but we're different because we are passionately committed to our products and the worldview they portray.... If you agree with our perspective, we believe that we can better serve you than a general bookstore like amazon.com or even Christian Book Distributors. And, by the way, we beat Amazon.com's shipping and book prices!" http://www.reformedbooksales.com/ Reformed Theological Seminary Bookstore Here's how the site's home page describes the bookstore: "the RTS Christian Bookstore where there are discount prices on Christian books with service you can trust.... a discount Christian bookstore with over 7,000 different titles. Search for specific Christian titles or browse the bookstore by using our Best of Category department to find the best discount Christian books fast! Check out our Best Sellers and our deep discount Sale Specials." http://www.rtsbookstore.edu/ Still Waters Revival Books "Geneva Bibles, rare Reformation, classic Covenanter and Calvinistic books, and other Puritan and Presbyterian Resources [such as "Family and Children's Books, Geneva Bibles, English Hexaplas, Scottish Psalters, [and] Commentaries"] at great discounts (and [some] free) by mail and the WWW!... Serving Christians worldwide (in over 80 countries) for 16+ years." You can sign up to be on their email list to receive news about "Email Super Specials" (you can also look at the "super special sales" information online). http://www.swrb.com/ Trinity Book Service "We are committed, as a matter of conscience, to the highest standards of truth and accuracy in the books we carry.... In seeking to carry out this purpose, by the grace and help of God, the following four principles direct our operation, priorities and long-range direction:  The Word of God Written shall have the foremost place of importance in our distribution efforts.  We will strive to introduce solid, biblical literature wherever the Lord gives us opportunity, that men and women may be converted from the darkness of sin; that young ...Christians may be nurtured in the faith....  Literature will be promoted which seeks to refute doctrinal and practical error in our day....  We will seek to preserve the heritage of Christian writings which Christ has given to His church through past generations as these are reflected in the works of the Reformers, Puritans and others of the Reformed faith." Trinity Book Service has earned Yahoo! Shopping's 5 Star Service Distinction. TBS is a ministry of Trinity Baptist Church, Montclair, New Jersey. http://www.trinitybookservice.org/ Westminster Theological Seminary Bookstore "The Westminster Campus Bookstore...carries a complete line of books relating to theology, church history, apologetics, New Testament studies, Old Testament studies, commentaries, counseling, hermeneutics, Greek, Hebrew, practical theology, church planting and development, preaching, missions, evangelism, biography, marriage and family, and the Christian life [as well as] Biblical and academic computer software.... We will gladly ship your order to any location in the world .... We offer discounts ranging from 20% - 60% on most of our titles." This is the Web site for the bookstore on campus at Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia. http://www.wts.edu/bookstore/ For used books, also check out Baker Book House (mentioned next). SOME CHRISTIAN PUBLISHERS Baker Book House "Baker Book House Company is a leading evangelical publisher offering more than 200 releases per year in its six separate divisions." Those six divisions are Baker Books, Fleming H. Revell, Chosen Books, Baker Academic, Baker Bytes, and Brazos Press. "The mission of Baker Book House is to publish writings that promote historic Christianity, irenically express the concerns of evangelicalism, and reflect the diversity of this movement." In addition to new books, you can also get used or out-of-print books (if you want, you can sign up for their Used Books email mailing list). http://www.bakerbooks.com/ Banner of Truth Trust "The Banner of Truth Trust originated in 1957 in London. The founders believed that much of the best literature of historic Christianity had been allowed to fall into oblivion and that its recovery under God could well lead not only to a strengthening of the Church today but to true revival." The emphasis is upon "literature...particularly of the Reformation and Puritan eras." "Since its inception the Banner of Truth has also sought to balance its publishing programme with the writings of a number of contemporary authors...[and] also seeks to balance its publishing programme by maintaining in its list different forms of literature - commentaries, biographies, missionary titles, sermons, etc." Banner of Truth adheres to the authority of the Westminster Confession of Faith. http://www.banneroftruth.co.uk/ Crown & Covenant Publications "Crown & Covenant Publications (C & C Publications) is a non-profit organization specializing in publications that promote, encourage, and defend the Reformed faith and the testimony of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America. C & C Publications is best known for a unique and comprehensive selection of Psalm-singing materials." http://www.psalms4u.com/info.html Great Commission Publications (GCP) "GCP is a ministry of two denominations: the Presbyterian Church in America and the Orthodox Presbyterian Church.... GCP's mission is to produce resources for the church's work of discipling and nurturing.... GCP's place among Christian educational publishers is that we operate from a Reformed perspective and seek to reflect the distinctive doctrines of grace. We stand fast on the Scriptures as the 'only infallible rule of faith and practice.' Our theology is based on the Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms. Consistent with the missionary vision of its parent churches, GCP is seeking to serve the church-at-large with solidly, biblical and Reformed publications." http://www.gcp.org/ NavPress (U.S. Navigators) "Biblically rooted and culturally relevant is how our books are best described. Our books are guaranteed to challenge and stimulate your personal growth and impact your ministry -- or your money back." NavPress offers Bible studies, Bibles, books, and magazines. http://www.navpress.com/ P & R Publishing "P&R Publishing company is dedicated to publishing excellent books that promote biblical understanding and godly living as summarized in The Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms. Titles on our list range from academic works advancing biblical and theological scholarship to popular books designed to help lay readers grow in Christian thought and service. Our mission is to serve Christ and his church by producing clear, engaging, fresh, and insightful applications of Reformed theology to life. The subject areas that are currently in our catalog include Christian Living, Counseling, Theology, Apologetics, Study Aids, Christian Issues and Ethics, Resources for Churches, Resources for Youth, and Resources for Women. Founded in 1930 by Samuel G. Craig and J. Gresham Machen, P & R has approximately 185 titles in print...." http://www.prpbooks.com. Soli Deo Gloria Ministries "The mission of Soli Deo Gloria is to provide 'instruction in righteousness' to the Church through the reprinting of classic Christian literature. To that end, the focus of our publishing is the writings and sermons of the 17th and 18th century English and American Puritans." "Since we began publishing the Puritans in late 1988, we have printed over 200 titles ...." http://www.sdgbooks.com/sdgbooks/ Zondervan Publishing House "As an international Christian communications company, we are dedicated to meeting the needs of people with resources that glorify Jesus Christ and promote biblical principles. At Zondervan, these award winning resources take on several forms - Bibles, books, audio books, videos, CD-ROM, and inspirational gifts." You can "Browse our Master Catalog of Books and other products in alphabetical order by title" or search the site by title, author, or subject. http://www.zondervan.com/ SOME CHRISTIAN BOOKS AVAILABLE ONLINE Christian Classics Ethereal Library "The CCEL is a library intended to serve the whole church. Just as at a traditional library, here you will find works from a variety of viewpoints and traditions.... The director of the CCEL is Harry Plantinga,...a professor of computer science at Calvin College." Here you can view or download books by many authors, including Augustine, Richard Baxter, Horatius Bonar, Thomas Boston, John Bunyan, John Calvin, Oswald Chambers, Stephen Charnock, G.K. Chesterton, William Cowper, Daniel Defoe, John Donne, Fyodor Dostoevski, Jonathan Edwards, John Flavel, John Foxe, Matthew Henry, Abraham Kuyper, Martin Luther, J. Gresham Machen, John Milton, John Newton, A.W. Pink, Samuel Rutherford, J.C. Ryle, Dorothy L. Sayers, Charles Haddon Spurgeon, Zacharias Ursinus, Thomas Watson, George Whitefield, Alexander Whyte, and more. "All of the books on this server are believed to be in the public domain in the United States unless otherwise specified. Copy them freely for any purpose." http://www.ccel.org/ Fire and Ice: Puritan and Reformed Writings Among the authors whose writings you can view online or download are Richard Baxter, Thomas Boston, Thomas Brooks, John Calvin, Stephen Charnock, Jonathan Edwards, John Flavel, Thomas Goodwin, William Gurnall, A.A. Hodge, Charles Hodge, Thomas Manton, Cotton Mather, John Newton, John Owen, Samuel Rutherford, Richard Sibbes, Charles Spurgeon, and Thomas Watson. http://www.puritansermons.com/toc.htm Guide to Christian Literature on the Internet "This document contains pointers to internet accessible literature related to Classical Christianity (a term coined by C.S. Lewis to describe a theology which affirms the importance of a transforming faith in Christ as God and Savior). Literature referenced is viewable online (i.e. in both ascii [standard text] and html [Web page] format)." Here are some of the authors represented: Augustine, Thomas Brooks, John Bunyan, John Calvin, G.K. Chesterton, John Donne, Jonathan Edwards, John Flavel, John Foxe, William Guthrie, Martin Luther, John Owen, Samuel Rutherford, Robert Shaw, C.H. Spurgeon, A.W. Tozer, and Thomas Watson. Here you will also find links to many Bibles and Bible study aids, including the 1599 Geneva Study Bible (the Geneva Bible preceded the King James Bible; the study notes are Reformed in viewpoint) and many non-English translations of the Bible (e.g., French, German, Italian, Korean, Latin, Russian, and Spanish). Note: this site contains "pointers" or links; the actual documents are on other sites. http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/christian-books.html Hall of Church History (Phil Johnson) Here you will find lots of links to significant sites where you can read "Theology from a Bunch of Dead Guys," from the early church to the twentieth century. The major categories are as follows: The Church Fathers, The Medieval Churchmen, The Heretics, The Eastern Orthodox, The Catholics, The Reformers, The Puritans, The Anabaptists, The Arminians, The Cultists, The Unorthodox, The Baptists, and The Recent Stalwarts. http://www.gty.org/~phil/hall.htm I.C.E. Free Books "This site allows you to read or print out over 38,000 pages of information.... You can...access 90 books by category, title, author, or year...." Authors include modern authors Greg Bahnsen, David Chilton, Gary DeMar, George Grant, Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr., James B. Jordan, C. Gregg Singer, Ray Sutton, and Robert L. Thoburn. Caution: many of these books are written from a "theonomic" and/or postmillennial perspective and may thus present a viewpoint that is loved by some and hated by others. Other books (such as the books by George Grant) may be of more general interest to Christians of different backgrounds. (See, for example, his Third Time Around: A History of the Pro-Life Movement; Killer Angel: A Biography of Planned Parenthood's Founder Margaret Sanger; and Grand Illusions: The Legacy of Planned Parenthood.) http://freebooks.entrewave.com/freebooks/sidefrm3.htm Legacy: Reformed & Puritan Christian Literature "There are a number of Internet Christian Library collections with a wide range of useful material. This is a bookmark page focused on Reformed & Puritan WWW Internet Literature.... This list is extensive, but it will not be exhaustive." Authors whose works you can view online or download include Richard Baxter, Loraine Boettner, Horatius Bonar, Thomas Boston, Thomas Brooks, John Brown, John Bunyan, John Calvin, Stephen Charnock, Robert L. Dabney, Jonathan Edwards, William Gurnall, Matthew Henry, A.A. Hodge, Charles Hodge, John Knox, Abraham Kuyper, Martin Luther, J. Gresham Machen, Cotton Mather, R.M. M'Cheyne, John Murray, John Newton, John Owen, A.W. Pink, Samuel Rutherford, J.C. Ryle, C.H. Spurgeon, James Henley Thornwell, Francis Turretin, Cornelius Van Til, B.B. Warfield, Thomas Watson, George Whitefield, and Alexander Whyte. http://www.iserv.net/~mrbill/Legacy.html Rose Tree Press "Welcome to the Web site of the Rose Tree Press, publisher of fine Christian literature and educational materials. Our electronic books are Logos Library System-compatible.... You can...download the complete Logos Library System Reader free from the Logos Web site at www.logos.com.... [Some] New Publications [are] Christianity and Liberalism by J. Gresham Machen, New Testament Greek for Beginners by J. Gresham Machen, The Origin of Paul's Religion by J. Gresham Machen, A Rapid Survey of the Literature and History of New Testament Times...by J. Gresham Machen [both the Student's Text Book and the Teacher's Manual], [and] What is Faith? by J. Gresham Machen." http://www.rosetree.com/ SOME MISCELLANEOUS BOOK SITES Bookwebsites A sometimes useful but often irritating site which claims to be "the largest organized book content on the Web." Here are their categories: Audio Books, Authors, Awards & Reviews, Banned Books, Book Arts, Book Events, Booksellers, Children's Books, Clubs and Forums, Comic Books, Education, Fiction, Libraries, Literary Agents, Newspapers, Non-Fiction, Online Books, Paranormal, Periodicals, Poetry, Publishers, Rare Books, Reference, and SciFi and Fantasy. http://bookwebsites.com/ E4 Group You can get 20 books on CD-ROM for free (except for a shipping and handling charge of $7.95) from the E4 Group (the "E4" is a reference to Ephesians 4:11-14). Here is what is included: The King James Version Bible; The Westminster Confession of Faith and Catechisms; Wilhelmus a Brakel, The Christian's Reasonable Service (vols. 1 and 2); Richard Baxter, The Reformed Pastor; R.L. Dabney, Systematic Theology; Jonathan Edwards; Jonathan Edwards on Revival; William Guthrie, Your Salvation; Robert Haldane, Commentary on Romans; A.A. Hodge, The (Westminster) Confession of Faith and Outlines of Theology; Charles Hodge, Commentary on Ephesians and Sermon Sermon Outlines; R.M. M'Cheyne, Memoirs and Remains of R.M. M'Cheyne; John Owen, The Glory of the Trinity; J.C. Ryle, Holiness; George Smeaton, Paul's Doctrine of the Atonement; C.H. Spurgeon, All of Grace and A Collection of Sermons; Thomas Vincent, A Family Instructional Guide; and Thomas Witherow, The Apostolic Church, Which Is It? http://www.e4.net/ Enjoy! _______________________________________________________________ 2. WEB PAGE BUILDING: A VERY BASIC INTRODUCTION TO HTML You can have your own free Web site. So can your church! See, for example, this article in a previous issue of CATI: YOUR OWN FREE WEB SITE: WHAT'S THE BEST PLACE? http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati17.htm#2 But having your own individual or church Web site involves building Web pages to put on that site. You don't need to know HTML (HyperText Markup Language) in order to build your own Web pages (there are software programs available which enable you to build Web pages without knowing any HTML), but it helps, and basic HTML is not difficult to learn. The purpose of this article is to provide a basic introduction to HTML. HTML isn't really a programming language (like C++ or Visual Basic, for instance): it's really simply a "markup" language. You start with the text you want to display on your Web page. HTML is what you use to "mark up" your text with comments to tell Web browsers how you would like them to handle your text (e.g., make certain lines bigger, have a background of a certain color, etc.). That's the reason HTML is called a "Markup" Language" (hence the "ML" in "HTML"). Well, that takes care of the "ML" in "HTML," but what about the "HT"? Well, the most important thing about your Web page is your text. The prefix "hyper" means "above" or "beyond," and the added HTML comments for the Web browser go beyond your text (thus the expression "HyperText"). So you now know why it's called "HTML" or "HyperText Markup Language." So how does the Web browser know which parts of your document are your original text to display on the screen and which parts of your document are the extra instructions for the Web browser? Simple: you put the "markup" instructions for the Web browser in brackets. They're special brackets, however, for you enclose the extra comments for the browser between "<" and ">" (rather than, say, "[" and "]"). Again, you start with your original text. Then you "mark up" your text with added "hyper text," using a special "language" to add comments for your browser, most of which are related to how you want your Web page to appear. (One thing you can use HTML for is to include "hyperlinks" or "links" to other Web pages, but that's a possible topic for another article. For this one, we're sticking to the basics.) Most elements in HTML come in pairs: one starts something, and the other finishes it. For example, suppose you want a word in your text to appear in bold print. You have to mark up your text to tell the Web browser when to turn on bold and when to turn it off. In HTML, "<B>" turns on bold and "</B>" turns it off. (Notice that the only difference between these two Web browser instructions -- usually called "tags" -- is that the second one includes a "/" or forward slash. That is true of other such HTML pairs as well. The "/" means "turn it off" or "this is the end of that section.") Thus "<B>" turns on bold, "</B>" turns off bold, "<I>" turns on italics, "</I>" turns off italics, "<BIG>" turns on big print, "</BIG>" turns off big print, and so on. In this article, I will not go into such HTML "tags" in detail, but instead restrict my comments to the basic structure of a Web page. First, "<HTML>" is put at the beginning of the document to indicate that it is an HTML document. (By the way, although many prefer to use capital letters for HTML markup tags, lower case will also work.) What should be placed at the end of the document? You figured it out: "</HTML>" (with a forward slash or "/"). An HTML document is divided into two sections: the "body" (which has to do with what is displayed on the Web page) and the "head" (which has additional information but does not affect the display other than providing a title to be placed in the Web browser's title bar). The "head" comes before the "body." Indentation is not required, but many people find it helpful to line up certain matching HTML tags. Here, for example, is a sample HTML document using indentation: <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE> My Home Page </TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <BIG>Welcome to my <B>exciting</B> Web site!</BIG> </BODY> </HTML> This is how almost all Web pages are set up, except that you will see a lot more in the "head" and "body" sections. Note the matching pairs: The entire sentence -- "Welcome to my exciting Web site!" -- will appear in big print, but only the word "exciting" will appear in bold type. That is what will display on the Web page itself, while "My Home Page" will appear in the title bar of the Web browser. If you write a Web page, you should save it as a plain text file. For this reason, many people prefer to use an ordinary text editor (such as Microsoft Notepad) rather than a word processor. If you use a word processor (such as Microsoft Word), you need to be sure to save the document as a plain text document (sometimes called an ASCII file). Even though you save the file as a text document, the filename should not have a file extension of .txt, but rather a file extension of ".html" or ".htm" (if you're only allowed three letters for a filename extension). For example, the preceding sample document could be given the filename of "homepage.html" or "homepage.htm" (again, you'll have to use the latter if you are only allowed three letters for a filename extension). There's lots more that can be said, but I think I've provided a very basic introduction to Web page building with HTML as I promised. If there is interest, I may publish some future articles on this topic, because the Internet is where it's happening today, and Christians need to establish a presence on the World Wide Web if they are to "go into all the world" (Mark 16:!5) to be Christ's witnesses! _______________________________________________________________ 3. SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION FOR THIS NEWSLETTER This is the forty-sixth issue of a free newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet" ("CATI," pronounced "Katy," but spelled with a "C" and an "I" for "Christians" and the "Internet"). To subscribe, write to firstname.lastname@example.org, including "Subscribe to CATI" in the Subject line and including in the body your real name and the email address to which you wish CATI sent. Past issues: you'll find archives of past issues of CATI available online at http://traver.org/cati/. ("It's not a pretty site," but hopefully it may be a useful one.) ________________________________________________________________ Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2000 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved. For permission to reproduce material from this newsletter, contact Barry Traver at email@example.com. Permission is hereby granted, however, to pass along this issue to others, provided that (1) no changes are made and (2) it is passed along in its entirety.