"Christians And The Internet" newsletter CATI, Vol. 2, No. 17: December 21, 2001. _______________________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. LETTER FROM THE EDITOR: FUTURE PLANS FOR CATI NEWSLETTER 2. CHRISTIAN MUSIC: FREE (BUT LEGAL!) MP3 FILES TO DOWNLOAD 3. DITTO.COM RESPONDS: THE EXPLETIVE HAS BEEN DELETED! 4. CHRISTIAN MUSIC: USE OF COPYRIGHTED MUSIC IN THE CHURCH 5. UPDATED!: IMPORTANT INFORMATION RELATING TO THIS NEWSLETTER _______________________________________________________________ The latest revision of this issue of "CATI" can be accessed online at http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati62.htm. The Web page edition makes it especially easy to visit the links. Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2001 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved. See the end of this issue for more information on "CATI." _______________________________________________________________ 1. LETTER FROM THE EDITOR: FUTURE PLANS FOR CATI NEWSLETTER This is the sixty-second issue of a free newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet" ("CATI," pronounced "Katy," but spelled with a "C" and an "I" for "Christians" and the "Internet"). Since CATI is written and edited by an ordained Presbyterian minister, CATI may be especially useful for Christians of Presbyterian or Reformed perspective, but other readers are equally welcome (including not only Christians of different backgrounds, but also those who may consider themselves to be non-Christians). It is my hope that you will find CATI to be of interest and of value to you. CATI is a personal publication. Through CATI, readers see me, "warts and all," rather than a professionally-perfected portrait. And CATI subscribers are more than email addresses to me: They (you) are individual persons created in the image of an infinite-personal God and for that reason retain a certain dignity and respect even after Adam's fall. Even though it may be that people sometimes act like animals, they are (from my perspective) not animals (or even evolved animals), but persons, and this newsletter is written and edited on the basis of that fundamental "presupposition" or conviction. Another foundational assumption is that God (who is God of the 21st century as much as the 1st century) has done and is doing a special work through Christ and through (and in) those who by God's grace seek to follow Christ (that is, "Christians"). The eternal God is beyond time, but we are called to serve Him in our particular time. That's why "CATI" is especially devoted to "Christians And The Internet," though, as I said, readers of all backgrounds are welcome here, including non-Christians (but be forewarned -- the "faith" of atheists is at risk when they start a serious consideration of the Christian perspective; C.S. Lewis found that out when he lost his atheistic "faith" and became a personal believer in the Lord Jesus Christ!). So what are my personal plans for CATI at this point? Let me get down off the soapbox (or get from behind the pulpit) and get into some specifics about what you may expect (D.V.) in the future, since CATI is not for me, but for you. First, there will be some changes, but one thing that will NOT change is this: CATI has been and will continue to be a free email newsletter that carries no outside advertising. This is unusual (and perhaps impractical), but that's the way I have chosen to do things. Second, now that I've survived a somewhat disruptive period in my life (primarily related to medical concerns) I've decided to go back to regular weekly publication of CATI. Issues and articles may be a bit shorter at times, but I've been told that that may not necessarily be a disadvantage! <grin> Third, a change back to such a publication schedule will mean some other changes if it's going to work out, so here's what you can expect. As I said, issues and articles may be shorter. Longer articles will continue to be published as appropriate, but a longer article may be broken up into parts (with the parts published over two issues or maybe three). Some previous CATI articles need to be updated (e.g., some Web addresses are no longer valid, or other details have changed). From time to time (and no more than one per issue), I'll be reprinting an earlier article (but with significant corrections and usually new information). When I reprint an article, I'll ordinarily put it at the end of the newsletter issue. To make this thing work, I'll need some help (not financial!) from some subscribers. Helping out will NOT be a requirement (ethically, morally, or otherwise) for receiving CATI. Free means free. You are not under obligation to assist. What I am looking for is an entirely voluntary giving of just a few minutes of time from a small number of subscribers from time to time, and that would be entirely informal (nothing assigned to specific people). What kind of help? Just writing a short email to provide a little feedback on a particular topic or question. Here is a real example. Some of you may have decided to sign up with a family-friendly ISP (Internet Service Provider). If so, what ISP was it? Are you happy or not happy with the result? The point is this: You decide on your own when to write or even whether to write. There is no pressure to get involved. CATI is a one-person operation, and I know what a tremendous help it is to receive feedback from time to time, even if it only comes from an occasional subscriber or two, so if you do write, you will know how much your note is appreciated. But if you choose not to write, that's all right also: I do not know I'd personally be able to answer all of my email if suddenly for some reason all subscribers were to write to me at the same time (but right now I see no immediate danger of that happening). One more comment. I do always enjoy hearing from readers, whatever the subject may be, and I do take such email to be personal communications. When I receive a helpful note from a CATI subscriber, you'll note that I never print that note and that person's name in CATI unless he or she has given me permission in advance to do so. I believe in protecting personal privacy (which is why my policy is NOT to give, rent, or sell CATI's mailing list to anyone). Bottom line: I plan to resume weekly publication of CATI, although issues and articles may be shorter and you may see an occasional reprinted (but updated) article. CATI will remain a free newsletter with no outside advertising. And I strongly welcome and greatly appreciate hearing from CATI readers (but I do not consider it to be an obligation upon subscribers to write). Enjoy! _______________________________________________________________ 2. CHRISTIAN MUSIC: FREE (BUT LEGAL!) MP3 FILES TO DOWNLOAD Sad to say, piracy (say, of copyrighted music) is a popular activity on the Internet. Napster made it easy for people to share files (legally or illegally). Napster may no longer allow file sharing, but other programs are out there that offer a similar function. Let's be clear about one thing from the beginning. If the music is copyrighted and the copyright owners have not given explicit permission to pass around their songs, then such activity is copyright violation and in fact stealing, which is a violation of the commandment, "Thou shalt not steal" (Exodus 20:15). Christians ought not to participate in the practice, but rather ought to respect the property of others. Music file sharing does take place among Christians, and it seems to be that - for at least some of the Christian music MP3 files involved -- the music may be "free," but it is not "legal." Whether it is done out of ignorance or knowingly, the activity is wrong and must be avoided. But there is good news: there are free, legal Christian music MP3 files that are available on the Internet for download. The purpose of this article is to give some guidance in this area. Although the "fair use" provision of U.S. Copyright Law allows for the legal distribution of fragments of songs, distribution of entire songs without permission is clearly illegal. But some copyright holders (mostly independent artists, but many established artists as well) have given direct permission allowing distribution of certain of their songs in MP3 format. One example of a place where you can locate free and legal Christian music MP3s is Crush Digital Recordings: Crush Digital Recordings http://dookie.net/crush/ Here's what they have to say in their words of welcome to the site: "Welcome to Crush Digital Recordings! We offer links to Christian MP3s put up by the bands themselves. That's right, this means they are free and legal! Grab a few rare songs by your favorite band, or try out something you've never heard... it's all here...." http://dookie.net/crush/index.php3 Their list of artists includes ApologetiX ("parody"), Daniel Amos ("adult alternative"), The Electrics (Irish/folk), and many examples of various forms of "pop" and "rock." Another source of free, legal Christian MP3's is CCMP3s.com, which includes this statement of welcome: "Welcome to ccmp3s.com, the world's largest directory of Legal Christian mp3 files, all free and legal to download!" http://www.ccmp3s.com/ Their list includes Steven Curtis Chapman ("pop/rock"), Petra ("rock" - Greek students will notice the pun), and Michael W. Smith ("pop"), among others. I haven't confirmed this, but I suspect CCMP3s stands for CCM MP3s, i.e., Christian Contemporary Music MP3s. That raises the question: Are all Christian music MP3 files contemporary "Christian" forms of pop, rock, and "modern" music in general? Are there no examples (say the traditionalists) of "a kinder, gentler music" among the MP3 files. Well, it is true that most MP3 Christian music files tend to be contemporary (just as most MIDI Christian music files tend to be traditional), but there are free, legal Christian MP3s with a somewhat more traditional sound or perspective. One of these is the Wigtune Company. I first learned about them because of their being mentioned on the Web site of Third Millennium Ministries, a Christian work associated with Dr. Richard Pratt of Reformed Theological Seminary. Here's where you'll find the Wigtune Company Web site: Wigtune Company http://www.praisesong.net/ One refreshing thing about them is that they are consciously in the tradition of the Protestant Reformation and they do not apologize for it. Their comments on their statement of faith tell us not only where they stand, but also some interesting things about church history as well: ______________________________________________________________ / "The Wigtune Company statement of faith draws heavily from The Heidelberg Catechism. This document was written in Heidelberg at the request of Elector Frederick III, ruler of the most influential German province, the Palatinate, from 1559 to 1576. Fredrick III was a pious Christian prince. He commissioned Zacharius Ursinus, twenty-eight years of age and professor of theology at the Heidelberg University, and Caspar Olevianus, twenty-six years old and Frederick's court preacher, to prepare this catechism. "The purpose of the document was to instruct the youth and guide pastors and teachers. It was carefully constructed as Frederick obtained the advice and cooperation of the entire theological faculty in its preparation. Ultimately this influential Reformation manuscript was adopted by a Synod in Heidelberg and published in German with a preface by Frederick III on January 19, 1563. "Wigtune Company believes that the biblical truths presented in this historic paper are just as relevant to our youth, pastors and teachers today as they were in the days when the Reformation leaders were valiantly returning to the primitive gospel tenets established in the Bible by the early Church. "Wigtune Company affirms the Biblical doctrines of the Reformation, recognizing the importance of regaining adherence to the five "solas" of the Reformation: Sola fide (faith alone) Sola gratia (grace alone) Solus Christus (Christ alone) Sola Scriptura (Scripture alone) Soli Deo gloria (to God alone be glory)" http://www.praisesong.net/faith.htm \______________________________________________________________ You can get many free, legal MP3 files from this source: "Wigtune Company is offering free mp3 songfile downloads of psalms, hymns and spiritual songs for the benefit of music ministers, praise leaders and every worshipper of the True and Living God for their edification. All of the praise songs, choruses and hymn downloads listed below have been written and arranged by Don Wigton." http://www.praisesong.net/Freepraisemusic.htm By the way, I trust that you noticed the similarity between the company name and the author or arranger of the various songs on the site. Here is the Wigtune Company's policy concerning their MP3 files: "MP3 music files: You may keep your downloaded Wigtune Company mp3 music files on your hard drive for as long as you desire. You do not have to buy the CD...." http://www.praisesong.net/Copyright.htm Thus the Christian music MP3 files on the Wigtune site are free and legal to download. And here is their philosophy of music: "Regarding church music, Wigtune Company recognizes the value of both the old and the new. Music that is relevant to today’s society did not begin in the ‘70s, nor did it end there. It is not musical style that determines whether-or-not music is appropriate for the praise of God in the church. Rather it is the scriptural content and the proper use of music in the context of scripturally-based praise that renders music valid for church use." http://www.praisesong.net/Vision.htm Here are some of the MP3s of traditional hymns available for download at the Wigtune Company Web site: Amazing Grace A Mighty Fortress Is Our God Be Thou My Vision Come Thou Almighty King Crown Him with Many Crowns Fairest Lord Jesus Great Is Thy Faithfulness Holy, Holy, Holy How Great Thou Art I Know Whom I Have Believed I Love to Tell the Story It Is Well with My Soul Joyful, Joyful We Adore Thee Leaning on the Everlasting Arms My Jesus I Love Thee Near the Cross O Worship the King O for a Thousand Tongues Praise God from Whom All Blessings Flow Praise Him! Praise Him! The Solid Rock To God Be the Glory! Caution: Even these traditional hymns are given a somewhat more contemporary flavor, so be forewarned. Where on the Web can all these Wigtune Company MP3s (and many others) be found? Here's the page: Wigtune Company: Free MP3 Praise Music and Chord Chart Downloads http://www.praisesong.net/Freepraisemusic.htm There is one thing for which Wigtune Company and other sources of free, legal Christian music MP3s can be faulted. In spite of Don Wigton's statement that "it is the scriptural content and the proper use of music in the context of scripturally- based praise that renders music valid for church use," he (and most others) neglect the Psalms, which are God's inspired songs of praise for God's people to sing. Even if you do not hold that Christians ought to sing only Psalms, you should agree that Christians ought to sing Psalms! The Psalms mix together solid Biblical theology and personal human experience, many would say, in a way unmatched by other attempts at hymns or spiritual songs for the people of God. You can find some (partial) Psalms in MP3 format on the Crown & Covenant Publications Web site: Crown & Covenant Publications: Listening Post http://www.psalms4u.com/listen.html Here's a list of the Psalms that you can sample on that Web page: Psalm 9, Psalm 13, Psalm 24, Psalm 26, Psalm 29, Psalm 33, Psalm 37, Psalm 45, Psalm 89, Psalm 92, Psalm 98, Psalm 100, Psalm 102, Psalm 117, Psalm 119, and Psalm 139. It is regrettable that only short samples (e.g., a single verse) are available. (If anyone knows of a good place to find the Psalms in MP3 format - sung rather than read - on the Web, please let me know!) Well, we've looked at some sources of free, legal MP3s on the Web for Christian music, and there are others (for example, a past issue of CATI told where to get free MP3 files of music by Michael Card and Phil Keaggy). Perhaps we'll do more exploring in a future issue of CATI. In the meantime, the following resource will help you do some exploring on your own, if you have an interest in doing so: Christian Music: Free/Legal MP3s http://christianmusic.about.com/cs/freelegalmp3s/index.htm Yes, Virginia, there are free (but legal!) MP3 files that you can download from the Internet, including Christian music. As always, discretion should be exercised. Not all Christian music is equally good (and not all "Christian" music is really Christian!), but if you exercise thoughtfulness and care, you should find music that honors the God of the Scriptures and raises you up to praise Him all the more for His majesty. Enjoy! _______________________________________________________________ 3. DITTO.COM RESPONDS: THE EXPLETIVE HAS BEEN DELETED! One thing that has impressed me as I've had opportunities to correspond with various Webmasters is that these "masters" often have a "servant" attitude. There are exceptions, but I've generally been much encouraged by the helpful responses I've gotten from individual Webmasters (or Webservants) or from other official contact persons for various Web sites. One example is John Treacy, who is involved with Ditto.com, a family-friendly search engine for pictures on the Internet. The best way to illustrate this is perhaps to share with you some emails that were exchanged (I have, of course, deleted any expletives from the following): ______________________________________________________________ / From: Barry Traver <firstname.lastname@example.org> To: email@example.com Subject: The "*" Word Is on Your Web Site: What's Up? Date sent: Thu, 6 Sep 2001 20:23:13 -0400 Two things: (1) In case you're interested in reading it, I reviewed Ditto.com's Image Search Engine in a recent article in "CATI," a free email newsletter that I publish: CATI: Searching for Family-Friendly Pictures on the Web http://www.traver.org/cati/archives/cati57.htm#2 In that article I recommended you as a valuable "family- friendly" resource. (2) One of my subscribers, however, wrote me to let me know that your language is not always equally "family-friendly"! Specifically, he called my attention to the fact that the "*" word appears on your Partners page: Ditto.com: Partners http://www.ditto.com/partners.asp Here's his statement of the problem (and I've confirmed that his report is accurate): "Look at the sample screen closely under the caption 'Sample Partner Web Site using Ditto'. The URL against the first of the Britney Spears images contains the phrase \whogivesa****\." The print is very small, so it may not be easy to read. Specifically, here is what it says in the screen shot for your Sample Partners Web Site: britney spears Size: 64747 Dimensions: 367 x 500 Found at: http://homestead.com/whogivesa****/britney.html For a site that prides itself on its "Family Filters," do you really want to use that screen shot? (Also, if someone uses your Ditto.com Image Search Engine, are there any safeguards against obscene language showing up in the URLs that are shown?) I'll be looking forward to your response (which I expect to be sharing with my subscribers). Barry Traver, Editor of "CATI," a free email newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet" http://traver.org/cati/ \______________________________________________________________ Here's the response I received (published here with John Treacy's permission): ______________________________________________________________ / From: "John Treacy" <firstname.lastname@example.org> To: <email@example.com> Subject: RE: The "*" Word Is on Your Web Site: What's Up? Date sent: Fri, 7 Sep 2001 11:50:13 -0500 Barry, Thanks for your e-mail. We appreciate the review you did on Ditto in your newsletter. We also appreciate you pointing out the "non-family friendly" text on our partners page. You are correct. It is inappropriate. It is an oversight on our part and something that was never intended to be on the site. We have already removed the image and re-worked the partners page. You should check it out. Again, thanks for pointing it out. We honestly try very hard to live up to our "family friendly" position on Ditto. We have processes and procedures in place (including a "Request a Review" link) but inappropriate things do get through every so often. We are happy to review and correct inappropriate content that is brought to our attention. Please let me know if you have any questions. thanks.......John \______________________________________________________________ John did want it to be understood that Ditto.com - although family-friendly - is not endorsing any particular religious perspective: "As you know, our policy is to be a 'family friendly' site. We believe in this position but we are not a religious based group and our 'family friendly' position is a business decision that many of us happen to agree is good business. We all have families and are trying to do the right things in general regarding the content we present on Ditto. However, we serve a broad constituency and we try to be sensitive to the opinions of a variety of groups that use Ditto.... You are welcome to quote me but I'd like to be sure that my quote is not seen as an endorsement by Ditto of any particular religious organization." John was refreshingly honest about how difficult it is to filter out the bad stuff, an effort that may be successful to an impressive degree (so that the listings may perhaps actually be "99 44/100% pure," as in the soap commercial), but it is unlikely to reach perfection in this life. John explains the situation: "One other thing I'd like to point out. Ditto tries very hard to keep non-family friendly content off the site but the porn guys are very creative in getting their content on a site. It's a never ending battle.... We have mechanisms on the site (Request a Review, Contact Us, etc.) so users can let us know but we are never able to guarantee the site is 100% free of porn. I think we do a good job in monitoring it but it is an ongoing battle...." And that brings me to a repeated theme you'll find here in "CATI": parents ultimately make the best parents. There is no way that a mechanical search engine can be an adequate substitute for a Christian father or mother. Life (films, television, radio, books, magazines, _and_ the people we meet day by day) is such that our children will meet up from time to time with results of the fall (the Bible itself is brutally frank about that). As parents, we can protect them where possible from examples of improper behavior, and when they do run into such, we must be there to help them develop a proper and godly response. I doubt that you're really likely to run into pictures of immoral sexual behavior as a result of using Ditto.com. If it should happen, however, then being right there able to talk about it with your child (e.g., how God created sex as a good gift to be expressed only between husband and wife) is better than your child's being shown "dirty pictures" by a child in the neighborhood (and being instructed by that child in society's current popular lies about proper and improper sexual behavior). I do have one complaint about Ditto.com, but it's one of which many search engines are guilty. Expect to see ads at the top of the results page related to the search topic! What you need to do is to go past the first pictures (which are really disguised advertisements) to the "real" pictures related to your topic. Bottom line: People like Ditto.com are doing their best and are performing a useful service. If they occasionally (and very rarely) let something get through which shouldn't, we should not be sharply critical, but should point out the problem or problem file in a polite and courteous way. If we approach them in a positive manner, we may be surprised by the positive manner in which our concerns are received. _______________________________________________________________ 4. CHRISTIAN MUSIC: USE OF COPYRIGHTED MUSIC IN THE CHURCH (If your church subscribes to CCLI, feel free to skip over this article. If, on the other hand, you've never heard of CCLI, keep on reading!) I hope that this article doesn't lose me subscribers, but I thought I should report that not only individuals but also church congregations may be guilty of copyright violation (which is another way of saying that they are guilty of violating the commandment, "Thou shalt not steal"). It is often innocently done, without a real awareness that what is being done is legally and morally wrong, but it is still a risky thing for me to point out to people that long-time church practices (such as using the church copier to make copies of praise songs for use in the worship service) are in reality breaking both U.S. law and God's law. Before I go further, may I say that many people who believe that their church is not guilty of any copyright violation may - after exploring the subject a bit more - have to admit that some of their church's common practices are in fact not really legal (even though "everybody's doing it," an excuse we don't let our children get away with). We may need to confess once more that we are law-breakers and resolve once more that - enabled by God's grace - we shall seek to be obedient to God's laws and to the laws of the state or of the country in which we live to the full extent that we can. But if you are part of a church that does (ignorantly or knowingly) break U.S. Copyright Law, I have not only bad news for you (as you recognize the various ways in which a church may violate copyright, and you may be surprised by some of them!), but also good news (as you find that there is a reasonable solution that can enable churches to continue to reproduce copyrighted music). By the way, many traditional hymns are old enough so that they are not any longer protected by copyright. None of the hymns in the old Trinity Hymnal (except for one, "Great Is Thy Faithfulness") are currently protected by copyright. The same is NOT true of the new Trinity Hymnal, which makes use of many more recent hymns. It is in the reproduction of more contemporary Christian music that church congregations run into problems with copyright violation. Let me go to the good news first. Christian Copyright Licensing International (CCLI) is the solution. Yes, it does cost money, but that's because the congregation is acting ethically by seeing to it that those who hold the copyright to the music reproduced by the church do not lose out on the financial reward they are entitled to receive for the use of their music. By investing in a "Church Copyright License," you can make copies (in various formats) of copyrighted music, and you can do it with a good conscience. Here are two main pages you may want to visit on the CCLI Web site: CCLI: Global Site http://www.ccli.com/index.cfm CCLI: Church Copyright License http://www.ccli.com/Visitors/ChurchCopyright.cfm Christian Copyright Licensing International emphasizes the positive as they explain the benefits, but if you read carefully, you will see how many things that are commonly done by church congregations actually violate U.S. copyright law: ______________________________________________________________ / "Now there's any easy and affordable solution for churches which reproduce songs... or would like to. It's called the Church Copyright License. It can loose your music department from the rigid demands of the copyright law and leave you free to legally copy over 150,000 songs and hymns. "Here are just some of the ways the Church Copyright License allows you to copy songs: "Record your worship service on tape.... The Church Copyright License allows you to legally include the song service on your recording. "Project songs from your overhead or slide projector.... Overheads are...helpful when introducing new songs, and with the Church Copyright License your song selections are almost limitless. "Copy songs in bulletins that you hand out before worship service.... With the Church Copyright License you can legally copy any of over 150,000 covered songs. Almost every song sung in churches today. Copy music on to songsheet handouts.... [or] Copying songs from a variety of sources to create your own church songbooks.... It's an ideal and cost-effective way to utilize traditional and contemporary songs in your worship services. Maintain a database of songs on your computer. Even copying songs onto your computer requires legal permission. But for churches that regularly print songs in bulletins or on songsheet handouts a computer file of songs is a logical step.... Whatever the case, the Church Copyright License is a perfect companion for a computer song base. Make audio or videotapes of weddings, camps and special services. The copyright law even prohibits copying songs on videotapes and cassettes at special functions without permission. But that doesn't have to stop you from recording congregational singing at weddings, holiday services and programs, even church-sponsored meetings outside the church. The Church Copyright License can help you cover all your bases." http://www.ccli.com/Visitors/ChurchCopyright.cfm \______________________________________________________________ It is the rare church that does not do some of the things on the preceding list, so many or most churches should seriously consider whether they ought to pursue obtaining a Church Copyright License. And now we come to an important question: What's the cost? (And another important question: Who benefits?): "The annual fee for a Church Copyright License is determined by the size of your church. Church size is based on regular attendance at your main service(s).... Royalties from License fees are distributed to the song composers and publishers fairly, based upon a special song survey that churches fill out when requested...." http://www.ccli.com/Visitors/ChurchCopyright.cfm If your church has less than 25 people, the annual cost is $46. If your church is a bit larger (but still fewer than 100 people), the cost is $93 each year. For a yet larger church (but with less than 200 people), the cost would be $156 a year. For a still larger church (but with fewer than 500 people), the cost would be $203 annually. And so on. True confession: It was not until recent years that my own congregation saw the need to register with CCLI. We had done certain things on the preceding list and had not really thought through the question of whether what we were doing was right to do. We are now acting responsibility in this area, and my belief is that CATI readers will also want to do what is right (and there are just two options: to obtain a Church Copyright License or to cease from any reproduction of copyrighted music unless permission to reproduce has been given by the copyright owner). Of course, I also believe that the churches of many CATI readers already are registered with CCLI, but those CATI readers were told that they didn't have to read this article (if you want to check that, re-read the first paragraph of this article! <grin>). _______________________________________________________________ 5. UPDATED!: IMPORTANT INFORMATION RELATING TO THIS NEWSLETTER This is the sixty-second issue of a free newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet" ("CATI," pronounced "Katy," but spelled with a "C" and an "I" for "Christians" and the "Internet"). Like to subscribe to this free email newsletter? Just send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org (but be sure to include your name in the note). Like to read past CATI issues and articles (or even search CATI for a particular subject)? Go to http://cati.org and you'll find an archive of past issues (arranged in reverse chronological order), a partial index of articles (arranged alphabetically by topic), and a search engine specifically for use with CATI. Like to pass along this issue to others? You may. Permission is hereby granted to pass along any issue of CATI to someone else, provided that it is passed along in its entirety with no changes made. (For now, I prefer that you send the complete issue, although I may in the near future provide guidelines for passing along individual articles.) Like to use material from this newsletter (say, on a Web page or in a publication)? For permission to do that, send a note to email@example.com (explaining what you'd like to use and for what purpose). Reasonable requests are usually granted. Like to unsubscribe? That's also easy. Just send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org (but if you decide to unsubscribe, you'll be missed, so any thoughts about the newsletter that you would be willing to share at that time would be much appreciated). Like to tell your friends about CATI? That is not only much encouraged, but also an encouragement to the editor! CATI is a lot of work (albeit a labor of love) and (since it is a free newsletter and I intend it to stay such) provides no financial income, so what keeps me going with this personal endeavor is knowing that people are finding it to be helpful, instructive, and enjoyable. (Comments from readers are always welcome, so let me hear from you!) Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2001 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved.