"Christians And The Internet" newsletter CATI, Vol. 3, No. 2: January 11, 2002. _______________________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. HOW TO ADD A CATI SEARCH ENGINE TO YOUR WEB BROWSER 2. SCOTTISH PREACHERS: BONAR, BOSTON, M'CHEYNE, AND MORE! 3. P.S. ON MUSIC AND/OR WORSHIP, CONTEMPORARY AND TRADITIONAL 4. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS: INFORMATION ON CATI NEWSLETTER _______________________________________________________________ The latest revision of this issue of "CATI" can be accessed online at http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati65.htm. The Web page edition makes it especially easy to visit the links. Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2001 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved. See the end of this issue for more information on "CATI." _______________________________________________________________ 1. HOW TO ADD A CATI SEARCH ENGINE TO YOUR WEB BROWSER CATI is now in its third year of publication (64 issues have been published in the past two years), and there is a wealth of information in CATI that you will find it difficult or impossible to find elsewhere. CATI - in addition to giving hints on "how to avoid the bad stuff" on the Internet - gives specific information on "how to find the good stuff." But how do you find the information in CATI? The answer to that is to use the CATI search engine you can find at this location: CATI home page (including CATI search engine) http://cati.org/ Wouldn't it be nice, however, if you could access the CATI search engine directly from your Web browser toolbar rather than having to go to the CATI home page first? Well, it can be done, and if you'd like to be able to do that (especially since it is likely that CATI will become a more and more useful reference source in the future), it is not difficult to do, since I will be giving you step-by-step directions in this article (at least if you are using either Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Communicator). By the way, if you are using AOL, did you know that you can use the Internet Explorer as your Web browser instead of AOL's browser? To do so, simply log on to AOL as usual, and then minimize the AOL program and launch Internet Explorer. (In the same manner, you can use other Web browsers with AOL, which seems to be a fairly well-kept secret.) Here are the step-by-step directions for adding the CATI search engine to your Web browser.... First, in Internet Explorer click on "View" on the top menu bar and then click on "Toolbars." Make sure that there is a checkmark in front of "Links." (If there isn't one there, click on "Links" to put one there.) If you happen to be using Netscape Communicator, the procedure is a bit different: click on "View" on the top menu bar (that part's the same) and then click on "Show" (that part's different). Make sure there is a checkmark in front of "Personal Toolbar." Now you are ready for the next step. Second, go to the following location on the Web: http://www.bookmarklets.com/mk.phtml Since I learned how to do this from Patrick Douglas Crispen, I'll let him describe this step: "Sort of in the middle of this page you'll see a blue 'Make Search Bookmarklet' link. This is the hardest part (and this really isn't all that hard): click and hold on the link, drag it up to your browser's Links bar or Personal Toolbar, and let go. Internet Explorer may give you a warning that you are adding a link that is unsafe. Ignore that. This is perfectly safe." http://www.netsquirrel.com/combatkit/ You will now have a button labeled "Make a Search Bookmarklet" on your toolbar. Third, go to the CATI home page: http://traver.org/cati/ Type the word "Merlyn" (without the quotation marks) in the search engine box in front of the "Search CATI" button. Then click on the button. IMPORTANT: Do not click on the link that results from the search. Instead, click on the new "Make a Search Bookmarklet" button now on your Web browser toolbar. You'll be taken to a page that has on it four boxes where you can type in text. Leave the first box (the "URL" box) alone. It already has in it what is needed. (Aren't you glad?) In the second box (the "Keyword" box) type in "Merlyn" (again, without the quotation marks). In the third box (the "Prompt Message" box) replace what is there with "Search for what in CATI?" (or some similar phrase). In the fourth box (the "Name of Bookmarklet" box) replace whatever is there with "CATI Search Engine." Then click on the "Submit" button you'll see at the bottom right. You're done! Note that you can edit the toolbar if you like, say, to remove buttons you don't want. In Internet Explorer, simply click on the toolbar button with your _right_ mouse button (rather than the usual _left_ mouse button), and you should see a menu of options available. In Netscape Communicator, you'll have to click (a normal left-click) on the regular "Bookmarks" button and then choose "Edit Bookmarks." Now if you want to find something in CATI, simply click the "CATI Search Engine" button on your toolbar, and you can use the CATI search engine without having to go to the CATI home page. Enjoy! P.S. You can add other search engines to your Web browser in a similar way. See the following article by Patrick Douglas Crispen for another example: Urban Legend Combat Kit http://www.netsquirrel.com/combatkit/ _______________________________________________________________ 2. SCOTTISH PREACHERS: BONAR, BOSTON, M'CHEYNE, AND MORE! Throughout its history, Scotland has produced its share of noteworthy preachers, and getting to know them better is a worthwhile experience for all Christians. We'll be looking at some of these Scottish preachers in this article, as well as looking at related rich resources on the Web. You may (or may not) recognize names like Andrew and Horatio Bonar, Thomas Boston, William Guthrie, Robert Haldane, John Knox, Robert Murray M'Cheyne, Samuel Rutherford, Robert Traill, and Alexander Whyte. If you don't know them, you may want to get to know them, because there is much that they can teach us today. Some of them you may know without knowing that you know them. That could be true of Horatio (or Horatius) Bonar, who is the author of many hymns, some of which you may know well. For example, you'll find over a dozen of his hymns in the Trinity Hymnal, including "Blessing and Honor and Glory and Power," "A Few More Years Shall Roll," "Go, Labor On," "Fill Thou My Life, O Lord My God," "Here, O My Lord, I See Thee Face to Face," "I Heard the Voice of Jesus Say," "I Lay My Sins on Jesus," "I Was a Wandering Sheep," "No, Not Despairingly Come I to Thee," "Not What My Hands Have Done," "O Love of God, How Strong and True," "Thy Way, Not Mine, O Lord," "Thy Works, Not Mine, O Christ," and "When the Weary, Seeking Rest." An excellent Web site to use as a starting place to learn more about Scottish Preachers of the past is this one: Scottish Preachers' Hall of Fame (home page) http://www.newble.co.uk/hall/ The webmaster, Alan Newble, acknowledges his substantial debt to another site: Hall of Church History http://gty.org/~phil/hall.htm We looked at Phil Johnson's Hall of Church History in a past issue of CATI: The Hall of Church History: Wisdom from the Past http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati19.htm#1 Previous issues of CATI also referred briefly to a Scottish Preachers site, but that site, the work of Sean Richardson, is no longer around. Fortunately, Alan Newble - who started his site independently - is now here to maintain that tradition, with Sean Richardson's permission and encouragement. The emphasis at Alan Newble's Scottish Preachers site is especially on the Scottish Reformers (including John Knox and Andrew Melville) and the Scottish Puritans (including Thomas Boston, William Guthrie, Samuel Rutherford, William Traill, and others). Many suffered or even died (often at an early age) because of their Christian faith, and their lives and writings are a real inspiration to Christians today. When I speak of the Scottish Reformers, I have in mind, of course, not the original Reformation (involving Martin Luther and John Calvin), but the "Second Reformation of Scotland." On his site, Newble provides a brief overview of that time period: The Second Reformation of Scotland http://www.newble.co.uk/hall/history.html He also provides two background articles on Puritanism by J.I. Packer: The Puritan Vision of the Christian Life http://www.newble.co.uk/hall/jiponpuritans.html Puritan Evangelism http://www.newble.co.uk/hall/evanjip.html Packer has done much in his various writings on the Puritans to show people that in history the Puritans have often been maligned and misrepresented. He introduces us to the real Puritans, many of whom are included on Newble's Web site. The best place to start at his site is not the introductory home page mentioned earlier, but this page: Scottish Preachers' Hall of Fame http://www.newble.co.uk/hall/hallofame.html On this page you will find two- or three-sentence descriptions of the Scottish preachers included, as well as links to sites (or sections of his own site) where you will find some more information about these men and/or find their writings. Here's a selection of some of the links he provides (arranged here in alphabetical order for ease of reference): Bonar, Andrew A. http://www.newblehome.co.uk/bonar/ Bonar, Horatius http://members.aol.com/OrthodoxUM/BonarHome.html Boston, Thomas http://www.geocities.com/~thomasboston/ Candlish, Robert Smith http://www.newble.co.uk/candlish/ Chalmers, Thomas http://www.newble.co.uk/chalmers/ Dickson, David http://www.newblehome.co.uk/dickson/ Gray, Andrew http://www.newble.co.uk/gray/ Gray, Andrew (Perth) http://www.newble.co.uk/grayperth/ Guthrie, Thomas http://www.newble.co.uk/guthrie/ Guthrie, William http://www.newble.co.uk/guthriew/ M'Cheyne, Robert Murray http://web.ukonline.co.uk/d.haslam/m-cheyne.htm Whyte, Alexander http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olympus/4199/index.html I'll let you pursue Newble's site(s) as well as the other sites further at your own leisure. Incidentally, you may notice that the photography on some of Newble's pages is breathtaking. That really should be of no surprise, because Alan Newble is an award-winning professional photographer. If you like good photography (and especially if you have an interest in railroads and railways, but also if you like other types of pictures), check out this starting point: The Alan Newble Photo-Resource Site http://www.newble.co.uk/ Here's how he introduces himself and the site: "Hello! I am Alan Newble and I am pleased to welcome you to this site. I hope you enjoy the pictures - if you don't like pictures, then go away! This site is Family-Friendly - all the images are viewable without offence by all. Should you wish to download and use any of the images for your own personal enjoyment, please do so." http://www.newble.co.uk/ Some of the photographs would make excellent jigsaw puzzles, so I think you can take those comments as permission to use his pictures with the Traver Jigsaw program made available as a gift to CATI readers: Announcing Free Jigsaw Puzzle Program for CATI Readers http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati63.htm#2 More on Traver Jigsaw Puzzle Gift for CATI Subscribers http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati64.htm#2 But don't spend all of your time doing jigsaw puzzles, even if it is satisfying to bring order out of chaos and as a result view a restored picture that reflects something of the beauty of God's world. Be sure also to reflect on the beauty of God's Word by spending equal time with the "Scottish Preachers"! _______________________________________________________________ 3. P.S. ON MUSIC AND/OR WORSHIP, CONTEMPORARY AND TRADITIONAL This article is essentially a postscript to an article which appeared in CATI 2/14: More on Music and/or Worship, Contemporary and Traditional http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati59.htm#1 The subject of music in worship is an important one, and a number of CATI articles have dealt with that topic. The one just mentioned provides a list of more than eighty helpful and/or interesting articles on the Internet relating to this area, articles representing a wide variety of positions, even though all of them were written from a serious Christian perspective. Should we sing only the Biblical Psalms in worship, as many Presbyterians have held in history? Or are traditional hymns also permitted, as most contemporary churches practice? And how about the controversial matter of "Contemporary Christian Music"? Then there's the suggestion that what we need in our services is "blended worship," including more than one of the preceding three categories. Is this the proper course for congregations to take? I don't intend to present a definitive answer in CATI to such questions, even though I do have my own carefully-considered convictions on the subject. What I do intend to recommend here is that you read some of the discussions, being careful to include in your reading some positions different from your own. Your convictions may not change, but you will have a better understanding of why people hold different ideas as to what music is appropriate to the worship of God. No, you don't have to read eighty articles or more on the subject, but you may find it helpful, for example, to read an article or two for and against the exclusive singing of Psalms in worship. Or you may find it illuminating to read an article or two supporting and opposing the widespread use of modern "praise songs" in worship today. See the already mentioned CATI article for lively discussion that you can read online by various authors, including all of the following: John H. Armstrong, John Calvin, Steve Camp, CCM World, Marva Dawn, Elisabeth Elliot, W. Robert Godfrey, George Grant, D.G. Hart, Michael S. Horton, John W. Keddie, Robert S. Marsden, Peter Masters, John Murray, Ken Myers, Leonard R. Payton, PCA Worship Guidelines, John Piper, Robert S. Rayburn, Geoff Thomas, Gene Edward Veith, G.I. Williamson, Douglas Wilson, and Monte Wilson. (Note that many of the preceding are Presbyterian or Reformed in background.) Although I knew that my list of online resources was not complete, I felt that it included many of the significant and worthwhile discussions on the Internet. I depend on CATI readers to suggest additional articles and to call attention to important omissions. This article is a postscript to my original list, because in fact one CATI subscriber did draw my attention to an article that I should have included: "...I see from the latest CATI newsletter that you have more amply researched the subject of CCM [Contemporary Christian Music] than I've had time to do, since I first commented. You've listed more links for us all to follow up than we can hope to find time awake. However, one article and link you missed, which would have been most useful to include, is Alan Morrison's paper which can be found on the Diakrisis web-site. Based on his paper presented at the 1998 Summer School of Theology held at the Metropolitan Tabernacle in London, this charts how the use of songs in churches today by charismatic composers is one of the major planks in the demise of evangelicalism. It's entitled 'Open Thou Our Lips: The Great Hymn Controversy'. This is a completely updated and expanded edition of an article which first appeared in Issue 5 of the Diakrisis Journal, and was announced on 17 Nov 1999. Maybe you'd like to add the link as a post-script within the next CATI news." It took me a while to track it down (the search engine at Diakrisis was not very helpful since the Web page's title as displayed by the search engine was not very similar to the actual title of the article, so I finally resorted to Google, which is what I should have tried to begin with), but I finally located the article he mentioned. Here it is and its location: Morrison, Alan R. "Open Thou Our Lips: The Great Hymn Controversy" http://www.diakrisis.org/Hymns.htm It is indeed a very worthwhile article, both interesting and informative, so I am mentioning it here as a P.S. to my earlier list. Warning: it is sharply critical of some "CCM," but I recommend that you read it even if you're a fan of "CCM." I'm not saying that you will necessarily agree with the author's perspective, but the article is significant enough to merit inclusion on my list, along with the other articles you'll find there. After an "Introduction," Alan Morrison goes on to look at "Hymnody in the Old Testament Era," "Hymnody in the Apostolic Era," "Hymnody in the Post-Apostolic Era," "Identifying the Primary Trends in Hymnody Today," "The Strategies Behind the New Style of Worship" (a similarly major division, although for some curious reason the heading is in smaller type), and "Conclusion." Although the author presents his case with emotional fervor, the article is carefully researched (the article has 63 footnotes). To give you an idea of the author's style and manner, here are the final paragraphs: ______________________________________________________________ / "We have a worship revolution in the churches today which amounts to a serious crisis and has caused considerable confusion. Indeed, it has become a major pastoral issue and should be approached as such. Therefore, pastors and teachers who are choosing suitable worship materials — in order to avoid corruption and compromise — should ask themselves what the likely future effect will be on the church. Churches which wish to keep themselves separate from the mass of corrupt worship songbooks should, where it is at all possible, create their own worship books of hymns both old and new, but without those which have been written by men and women with a promotional agenda. This is a work for strong leaders who are willing to risk wrath being heaped upon their heads. We need solid songs by spiritual giants who have had a full-orbed Christian experience rather than superficial ditties by religious pigmies who have undergone a handful of bizarre manifestations. "In the final analysis, when considering the hymns of the church, we must always remember that neither the singer nor the writer can create words and music in his own strength. It must be the Lord Himself who frames our worship. Anything else is idolatry and vanity. In fact, the singer should be saying to the Lord: 'Open Thou my lips' — with the emphasis always on the word 'Thou'. "May the Lord give us strength for the battle ahead, and enable us to be both compassionate as well as uncompromising." http://www.diakrisis.org/Hymns.htm \______________________________________________________________ Thus Morrison has room for "hymns old and new," but he wants the new (and the old) to be "solid songs by spiritual giants who have had a full-orbed Christian experience." If we are to sing "contemporary Christian music" (inside or outside of worship), the songs should be songs with some depth to them. Perhaps that is one point upon we can resolve to agree, as well as the point that ultimately our focus must be upon "the Lord Himself who frames our worship." _______________________________________________________________ 4. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS: INFORMATION ON CATI NEWSLETTER Like to know what this is? This is the sixty-fifth issue of a free newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet" ("CATI," pronounced "Katy," but spelled with a "C" and an "I" for "Christians" and the "Internet"). Like to subscribe to this free email newsletter? Just send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org (but be sure to include your name in the note). Like to read past CATI issues and articles (or even search CATI for a particular subject)? Go to http://cati.org and you'll find an archive of past issues (arranged in reverse chronological order), a partial index of articles (arranged alphabetically by topic), and a search engine specifically for use with CATI. Like to pass along this issue to others? You may. Permission is hereby granted to pass along any issue of CATI to someone else, provided that it is passed along in its entirety with no changes made. (For now, I prefer that you send the complete issue, although I may in the near future provide guidelines for passing along individual articles.) Like to use material from this newsletter (say, on a Web page or in a publication)? For permission to do that, send a note to email@example.com (explaining what you'd like to use and for what purpose). Reasonable requests are usually granted. Like to unsubscribe? That's also easy. Just send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org (but if you decide to unsubscribe, you'll be missed, so any thoughts about the newsletter that you would be willing to share at that time would be much appreciated). Like to tell your friends about CATI? That is not only much encouraged, but also an encouragement to the editor! CATI is a lot of work (albeit a labor of love) and (since it is a free newsletter and I intend it to stay such) provides no financial income, so what keeps me going with this personal endeavor is knowing that people are finding it to be helpful, instructive, and enjoyable. (Comments from readers are always welcome, so let me hear from you!) Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2002 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved.