"Christians And The Internet" newsletter
CATI, Vol. 3, No. 2:  January 11, 2002.



The latest revision of this issue of "CATI" can be accessed
online at http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati65.htm.  The
Web page edition makes it especially easy to visit the links.

Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is
Copyright (C) 2001 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved.  See
the end of this issue for more information on "CATI."


CATI is now in its third year of publication (64 issues have
been published in the past two years), and there is a wealth
of information in CATI that you will find it difficult or
impossible to find elsewhere.  CATI - in addition to giving
hints on "how to avoid the bad stuff" on the Internet - gives
specific information on "how to find the good stuff."  But how
do you find the information in CATI?

The answer to that is to use the CATI search engine you can
find at this location:

CATI home page (including CATI search engine)

Wouldn't it be nice, however, if you could access the CATI
search engine directly from your Web browser toolbar rather
than having to go to the CATI home page first?

Well, it can be done, and if you'd like to be able to do that
(especially since it is likely that CATI will become a more
and more useful reference source in the future), it is not
difficult to do, since I will be giving you step-by-step
directions in this article (at least if you are using either
Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Communicator).

By the way, if you are using AOL, did you know that you can
use the Internet Explorer as your Web browser instead of
AOL's browser?  To do so, simply log on to AOL as usual, and
then minimize the AOL program and launch Internet Explorer.
(In the same manner, you can use other Web browsers with
AOL, which seems to be a fairly well-kept secret.)

Here are the step-by-step directions for adding the CATI
search engine to your Web browser....

First, in Internet Explorer click on "View" on the top menu
bar and then click on "Toolbars."  Make sure that there is a
checkmark in front of "Links."  (If there isn't one there,
click on "Links" to put one there.)  If you happen to be
using Netscape Communicator, the procedure is a bit different:
click on "View" on the top menu bar (that part's the same)
and then click on "Show" (that part's different). Make sure
there is a checkmark in front of "Personal Toolbar."  Now you
are ready for the next step.

Second, go to the following location on the Web:


Since I learned how to do this from Patrick Douglas Crispen,
I'll let him describe this step:

"Sort of in the middle of this page you'll see a blue 'Make
Search Bookmarklet' link.  This is the hardest part (and this
really isn't all that hard):  click and hold on the link, drag
it up to your browser's Links bar or Personal Toolbar, and
let go.  Internet Explorer may give you a warning that you are
adding a link that is unsafe.  Ignore that.  This is perfectly

You will now have a button labeled "Make a Search Bookmarklet"
on your toolbar.

Third, go to the CATI home page:


Type the word "Merlyn" (without the quotation marks) in the
search engine box in front of the "Search CATI" button.  Then
click on the button.  IMPORTANT:  Do not click on the link
that results from the search.  Instead, click on the new
"Make a Search Bookmarklet" button now on your Web browser

You'll be taken to a page that has on it four boxes where you
can type in text.  Leave the first box (the "URL" box) alone.
It already has in it what is needed.  (Aren't you glad?)  In
the second box (the "Keyword" box) type in "Merlyn" (again,
without the quotation marks).  In the third box (the "Prompt
Message" box) replace what is there with "Search for what in
CATI?" (or some similar phrase).  In the fourth box (the "Name
of Bookmarklet" box) replace whatever is there with "CATI
Search Engine."  Then click on the "Submit" button you'll see
at the bottom right.  You're done!

Note that you can edit the toolbar if you like, say, to remove
buttons you don't want.  In Internet Explorer, simply click on
the toolbar button with your _right_ mouse button (rather than
the usual _left_ mouse button), and you should see a menu of
options available.  In Netscape Communicator, you'll have to
click (a normal left-click) on the regular "Bookmarks" button
and then choose "Edit Bookmarks."

Now if you want to find something in CATI, simply click the
"CATI Search Engine" button on your toolbar, and you can use
the CATI search engine without having to go to the CATI home


P.S.  You can add other search engines to your Web browser in
a similar way.  See the following article by Patrick Douglas
Crispen for another example:

Urban Legend Combat Kit


Throughout its history, Scotland has produced its share of
noteworthy preachers, and getting to know them better is a
worthwhile experience for all Christians.  We'll be looking at
some of these Scottish preachers in this article, as well as
looking at related rich resources on the Web.

You may (or may not) recognize names like Andrew and Horatio
Bonar, Thomas Boston, William Guthrie, Robert Haldane, John
Knox, Robert Murray M'Cheyne, Samuel Rutherford, Robert
Traill, and Alexander Whyte.  If you don't know them, you
may want to get to know them, because there is much that they
can teach us today.

Some of them you may know without knowing that you know them.
That could be true of Horatio (or Horatius) Bonar, who is the
author of many hymns, some of which you may know well.  For
example, you'll find over a dozen of his hymns in the Trinity
Hymnal, including "Blessing and Honor and Glory and Power,"
"A Few More Years Shall Roll," "Go, Labor On," "Fill Thou My
Life, O Lord My God," "Here, O My Lord, I See Thee Face to
Face," "I Heard the Voice of Jesus Say," "I Lay My Sins on
Jesus," "I Was a Wandering Sheep," "No, Not Despairingly Come
I to Thee," "Not What My Hands Have Done," "O Love of God, How
Strong and True," "Thy Way, Not Mine, O Lord," "Thy Works, Not
Mine, O Christ," and "When the Weary, Seeking Rest."

An excellent Web site to use as a starting place to learn more
about Scottish Preachers of the past is this one:

Scottish Preachers' Hall of Fame (home page)

The webmaster, Alan Newble, acknowledges his substantial debt
to another site:

Hall of Church History

We looked at Phil Johnson's Hall of Church History in a past
issue of CATI:

The Hall of Church History: Wisdom from the Past

Previous issues of CATI also referred briefly to a Scottish
Preachers site, but that site, the work of Sean Richardson, is
no longer around.  Fortunately, Alan Newble - who started his
site independently - is now here to maintain that tradition,
with Sean Richardson's permission and encouragement.

The emphasis at Alan Newble's Scottish Preachers site is
especially on the Scottish Reformers (including John Knox and
Andrew Melville) and the Scottish Puritans (including Thomas
Boston, William Guthrie, Samuel Rutherford, William Traill,
and others).  Many suffered or even died (often at an early
age) because of their Christian faith, and their lives and
writings are a real inspiration to Christians today.

When I speak of the Scottish Reformers, I have in mind, of
course, not the original Reformation (involving Martin Luther
and John Calvin), but the "Second Reformation of Scotland."
On his site, Newble provides a brief overview of that time

The Second Reformation of Scotland

He also provides two background articles on Puritanism by J.I.

The Puritan Vision of the Christian Life

Puritan Evangelism

Packer has done much in his various writings on the Puritans
to show people that in history the Puritans have often been
maligned and misrepresented.  He introduces us to the real
Puritans, many of whom are included on Newble's Web site.

The best place to start at his site is not the introductory
home page mentioned earlier, but this page:

Scottish Preachers' Hall of Fame

On this page you will find two- or three-sentence descriptions
of the Scottish preachers included, as well as links to sites
(or sections of his own site) where you will find some more
information about these men and/or find their writings.

Here's a selection of some of the links he provides (arranged
here in alphabetical order for ease of reference):

Bonar, Andrew A.

Bonar, Horatius

Boston, Thomas

Candlish, Robert Smith

Chalmers, Thomas

Dickson, David

Gray, Andrew

Gray, Andrew (Perth)

Guthrie, Thomas

Guthrie, William

M'Cheyne, Robert Murray

Whyte, Alexander

I'll let you pursue Newble's site(s) as well as the other
sites further at your own leisure.

Incidentally, you may notice that the photography on some of
Newble's pages is breathtaking.  That really should be of no
surprise, because Alan Newble is an award-winning professional
photographer.  If you like good photography (and especially if
you have an interest in railroads and railways, but also if
you like other types of pictures), check out this starting

The Alan Newble Photo-Resource Site

Here's how he introduces himself and the site:

"Hello! I am Alan Newble and I am pleased to welcome you to
this site. I hope you enjoy the pictures - if you don't like
pictures, then go away! This site is Family-Friendly - all
the images are viewable without offence by all. Should you
wish to download and use any of the images for your own
personal enjoyment, please do so."

Some of the photographs would make excellent jigsaw puzzles, so
I think you can take those comments as permission to use his
pictures with the Traver Jigsaw program made available as a
gift to CATI readers:

Announcing Free Jigsaw Puzzle Program for CATI Readers

More on Traver Jigsaw Puzzle Gift for CATI Subscribers

But don't spend all of your time doing jigsaw puzzles, even if
it is satisfying to bring order out of chaos and as a result
view a restored picture that reflects something of the beauty
of God's world.  Be sure also to reflect on the beauty of God's
Word by spending equal time with the "Scottish Preachers"!


This article is essentially a postscript to an article which
appeared in CATI 2/14:

More on Music and/or Worship, Contemporary and Traditional

The subject of music in worship is an important one, and a
number of CATI articles have dealt with that topic.  The one
just mentioned provides a list of more than eighty helpful
and/or interesting articles on the Internet relating to this
area, articles representing a wide variety of positions, even
though all of them were written from a serious Christian

Should we sing only the Biblical Psalms in worship, as many
Presbyterians have held in history?  Or are traditional hymns
also permitted, as most contemporary churches practice?  And
how about the controversial matter of "Contemporary Christian
Music"?  Then there's the suggestion that what we need in our
services is "blended worship," including more than one of the
preceding three categories.  Is this the proper course for
congregations to take?

I don't intend to present a definitive answer in CATI to such
questions, even though I do have my own carefully-considered
convictions on the subject.  What I do intend to recommend
here is that you read some of the discussions, being careful
to include in your reading some positions different from your
own.  Your convictions may not change, but you will have a
better understanding of why people hold different ideas as
to what music is appropriate to the worship of God.

No, you don't have to read eighty articles or more on the
subject, but you may find it helpful, for example, to read
an article or two for and against the exclusive singing of
Psalms in worship.  Or you may find it illuminating to read
an article or two supporting and opposing the widespread use
of modern "praise songs" in worship today.

See the already mentioned CATI article for lively discussion
that you can read online by various authors, including all of
the following:  John H. Armstrong, John Calvin, Steve Camp,
CCM World, Marva Dawn, Elisabeth Elliot, W. Robert Godfrey,
George Grant, D.G. Hart, Michael S. Horton, John W. Keddie,
Robert S. Marsden, Peter Masters, John Murray, Ken Myers,
Leonard R. Payton, PCA Worship Guidelines, John Piper,
Robert S. Rayburn, Geoff Thomas, Gene Edward Veith, G.I.
Williamson, Douglas Wilson, and Monte Wilson.  (Note that
many of the preceding are Presbyterian or Reformed in

Although I knew that my list of online resources was not
complete, I felt that it included many of the significant
and worthwhile discussions on the Internet.  I depend on
CATI readers to suggest additional articles and to call
attention to important omissions.

This article is a postscript to my original list, because in
fact one CATI subscriber did draw my attention to an article
that I should have included:

"...I see from the latest CATI newsletter that you have more
amply researched the subject of CCM [Contemporary Christian
Music] than I've had time to do, since I first commented.
You've listed more links for us all to follow up than we can
hope to find time awake.  However, one article and link you
missed, which would have been most useful to include, is Alan
Morrison's paper which can be found on the Diakrisis web-site.
Based on his paper presented at the 1998 Summer School of
Theology held at the Metropolitan Tabernacle in London, this
charts how the use of songs in churches today by charismatic
composers is one of the major planks in the demise of
evangelicalism.  It's entitled 'Open Thou Our Lips: The Great
Hymn Controversy'.  This is a completely updated and expanded
edition of an article which first appeared in Issue 5 of the
Diakrisis Journal, and was announced on 17 Nov 1999.  Maybe
you'd like to add the link as a post-script within the next
CATI news."

It took me a while to track it down (the search engine at
Diakrisis was not very helpful since the Web page's title as
displayed by the search engine was not very similar to the
actual title of the article, so I finally resorted to Google,
which is what I should have tried to begin with), but I
finally located the article he mentioned.  Here it is and
its location:

Morrison, Alan R. "Open Thou Our Lips: The Great Hymn

It is indeed a very worthwhile article, both interesting and
informative, so I am mentioning it here as a P.S. to my
earlier list.  Warning:  it is sharply critical of some
"CCM," but I recommend that you read it even if you're a fan
of "CCM."  I'm not saying that you will necessarily agree with
the author's perspective, but the article is significant
enough to merit inclusion on my list, along with the other
articles you'll find there.

After an "Introduction," Alan Morrison goes on to look at
"Hymnody in the Old Testament Era," "Hymnody in the Apostolic
Era," "Hymnody in the Post-Apostolic Era," "Identifying the
Primary Trends in Hymnody Today," "The Strategies Behind the
New Style of Worship" (a similarly major division, although
for some curious reason the heading is in smaller type), and

Although the author presents his case with emotional fervor,
the article is carefully researched (the article has 63
footnotes).  To give you an idea of the author's style and
manner, here are the final paragraphs:
"We have a worship revolution in the churches today which
amounts to a serious crisis and has caused considerable
confusion. Indeed, it has become a major pastoral issue and
should be approached as such. Therefore, pastors and teachers
who are choosing suitable worship materials  in order to
avoid corruption and compromise  should ask themselves what
the likely future effect will be on the church. Churches
which wish to keep themselves separate from the mass of
corrupt worship songbooks should, where it is at all possible,
create their own worship books of hymns both old and new, but
without those which have been written by men and women with a
promotional agenda. This is a work for strong leaders who are
willing to risk wrath being heaped upon their heads. We need
solid songs by spiritual giants who have had a full-orbed
Christian experience rather than superficial ditties by
religious pigmies who have undergone a handful of bizarre

"In the final analysis, when considering the hymns of the
church, we must always remember that neither the singer nor
the writer can create words and music in his own strength.
It must be the Lord Himself who frames our worship. Anything
else is idolatry and vanity. In fact, the singer should be
saying to the Lord: 'Open Thou my lips'  with the emphasis
always on the word 'Thou'.

"May the Lord give us strength for the battle ahead, and
enable us to be both compassionate as well as uncompromising."


Thus Morrison has room for "hymns old and new," but he wants
the new (and the old) to be "solid songs by spiritual giants
who have had a full-orbed Christian experience."  If we are
to sing "contemporary Christian music" (inside or outside of
worship), the songs should be songs with some depth to them.
Perhaps that is one point upon we can resolve to agree, as
well as the point that ultimately our focus must be upon "the
Lord Himself who frames our worship."


Like to know what this is?  This is the sixty-fifth issue of
a free newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet"
("CATI," pronounced "Katy," but spelled with a "C" and an "I"
for "Christians" and the "Internet").

Like to subscribe to this free email newsletter?  Just send an
email to subscribe@cati.org (but be sure to include your name
in the note).

Like to read past CATI issues and articles (or even search
CATI for a particular subject)?  Go to http://cati.org and
you'll find an archive of past issues (arranged in reverse
chronological order), a partial index of articles (arranged
alphabetically by topic), and a search engine specifically
for use with CATI.

Like to pass along this issue to others?  You may.  Permission
is hereby granted to pass along any issue of CATI to someone
else, provided that it is passed along in its entirety with no
changes made.  (For now, I prefer that you send the complete
issue, although I may in the near future provide guidelines
for passing along individual articles.)

Like to use material from this newsletter (say, on a Web page
or in a publication)?  For permission to do that, send a note
to cati@traver.org (explaining what you'd like to use and for
what purpose).  Reasonable requests are usually granted.

Like to unsubscribe?  That's also easy.  Just send an email to
unsubscribe@cati.org (but if you decide to unsubscribe, you'll
be missed, so any thoughts about the newsletter that you would
be willing to share at that time would be much appreciated).

Like to tell your friends about CATI?  That is not only much
encouraged, but also an encouragement to the editor!  CATI is
a lot of work (albeit a labor of love) and (since it is a free
newsletter and I intend it to stay such) provides no financial
income, so what keeps me going with this personal endeavor is
knowing that people are finding it to be helpful, instructive,
and enjoyable.  (Comments from readers are always welcome, so
let me hear from you!)

Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is
Copyright (C) 2002 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved.