"Christians And The Internet" newsletter CATI, Vol. 3, No. 9: March 1, 2002 _______________________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. LETTER FROM THE EDITOR: NEW COMPUTER, NEW INTERNET ACCESS! 2. INKLINGS #3: DOROTHY SAYERS & THE LOST TOOLS OF LEARNING 3. THE WORD ON CROSSWORDS: THE JOY OF MAKING & SOLVING PUZZLES 4. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS: INFORMATION ON CATI NEWSLETTER _______________________________________________________________ The latest revision of this issue of "CATI" can be accessed online at http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati72.htm. The Web page edition makes it especially easy to visit the links. Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2002 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved. See the end of this issue for more information on "CATI." _______________________________________________________________ 1. LETTER FROM THE EDITOR: NEW COMPUTER, NEW INTERNET ACCESS! Well, it arrived two weeks later than expected, but my new computer (a Gateway 700 XL, PC Magazine's Editor's Choice) finally arrived! Two days after that, cable Internet access (RoadRunner) was installed. I am amazed by the power of both, but they should help me get caught up with several projects I have going on that are related to computers and the Internet. "Computers And The Internet...." Hey! That would make a great title for a newsletter. And I could call my newsletter "CATI" for short (pronounced like "KATY," but spelled with a "C" and an "I" for "Computers" and the "Internet"). What's that? You say that someone is already using the CATI acronym for a newsletter? On well, I knew it was too good an idea for it not to have already been used. Actually, this is that newsletter. And it does, indeed, deal with "Computers And The Internet," but the "C" in "CATI" does not stand for "Computers." Rather, the "C" in "CATI" stands for "Christians," since this is a free email newsletter that is specifically devoted to "Christians And The Internet." You do not have to be a Christian, however, to be placed on the mailing list. Others are equally welcome to sign up to receive CATI, and I hope that everyone will find something here that is interesting, useful, or enjoyable. (And, if you do not presently consider yourself to be a Christian, you may find that through CATI you are becoming more knowledgeable about the Christian faith as an added bonus.) Anyway, getting back to the new computer and the new Internet service, I do a lot of work on the Internet (in addition to gathering material for CATI, I'm involved with four different Web sites), and much of the time has been spent on waiting for information to "arrive" (e.g., for Web pages to load). That's no longer the case! How much of a difference is there between then and now? Well, even though I had a 56K modem, my maximum Internet speed was 28.8K bps. The "bps" refers to "bits per second." It refers to the rate at which you're receiving information (which is sort of like "mph" or "miles per hour"). The "K" represents roughly 1,000 (like the "kilo" in "kilogram," which stands for 1,000 grams). What this means is that my earlier Internet speed was about 28,800 bps. By contrast, my present speed with Roadrunner (Beep! Beep!) is greater than 1,000,000 bps, which is about 35 times as fast! Thus what earlier would have been a long download (say, an hour, which would not be that unusual for a Microsoft servicepack) can now be done in a couple of minutes (and, perhaps more to the point, Web pages now show up on the screen instantaneously). Even though the new computer and new Internet access should make it much easier for me to get more done quickly, please be assured that I will not forget that many readers may have slower computers or that a week ago my own top speed on the Internet was 28.8K bps. (Want proof of that commitment? The issue before this one reviewed OffByOne, a Web browser that is ideal for those who have more limited hardware or who have older operating systems.) The late Dr. Cornelius Van Til, whom I was privileged to have as a teacher while I was a student at Westminster Theological Seminary, intended his classes to be for both "bunnies" and "giraffes." I have the same goal for CATI, and I trust that this newsletter will minister to both in the time to come. --Barry Traver, Editor of CATI _______________________________________________________________ 2. INKLINGS #3: DOROTHY SAYERS & THE LOST TOOLS OF LEARNING In previous issues you've been introduced to the Inklings, a group of British writers who met in C.S. Lewis's rooms from the mid-1930's through the end of the 1940's to read their "works in progress" to one another and to discuss them. The authors included J.R.R. Tolkien (author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings), C.S. Lewis (author of Mere Christianity, Miracles, The Screwtape Letters, and the space trilogy made up of Out of the Silent Planet, Perelandra, and That Hideous Strength), Charles Williams (author of "theological thrillers" like All Hallows' Eve and War in Heaven), and more. Do you have an "inkling" of an idea as to just why they called themselves the Inklings? Well, according to J.R.R. Tolkien, the word "Inklings" was "a pleasantly ingenious pun in its way, suggesting people with vague or half-formed intimations and ideas plus those who dabble in ink." Books read at Thursday gatherings of the group included The Lord of the Rings (called "The New Hobbit" at the time), The Screwtape Letters, The Problem of Pain, All Hallows' Eve, and much more. Some of the Inklings also met at the pub The Eagle and the Child (called by them "The Bird and the Baby") for yet more discussions. But why haven't I yet mentioned Dorothy Sayers? Wasn't she an Inkling as well? Well, actually she was not! The Inklings were a group of men, and even Dorothy Sayers -- who personally was friends with a number of the Inklings (she was the one who suggested to Lewis that he write a book on Miracles) -- was unable to gain admittance. (She was one of the first women to graduate from Oxford University -- like Lewis and Tolkien, she had an interest in medieval literature -- but because of her sex, she was excluded from all-male groups in which she otherwise would have fit very well.) I doubt that she minded that much, because -- along with G.K. Chesterton and others -- she had already founded the Detection Club, a group of mystery writers. In addition to his writing popular Christian theology (such as his book Orthodoxy, which is sort of a Roman Catholic counterpart to C.S. Lewis's Mere Christianity), G.K. Chesterton wrote mystery stories featuring the unlikely detective Father Brown. (If you do read the stories, make sure that you don't miss out on reading "The Vampire of the Village." It's sometimes hard to track down, but it may be the best in the series, at least looking at it in a Christian context.) Dorothy L. Sayers herself wrote mystery stories in the 1920's and 1930's. Her books also featured an unlikely detective: Lord Peter Wimsey. (Yes, many of them have been filmed and have been broadcast on Mystery on PBS.) In 1928 she edited Great Stories of Detection, Mystery and Crime (known in the United States as The Omnibus of Crime), a very influential anthology of mystery fiction (partly because of the included essay by herself on the subject). By the 1940's she had moved on from mystery fiction to more serious things, such as theological drama (including the play cycle The Man Born to Be King, about which C.S. Lewis said that he had "re-read it every Holy Week since it first appeared, and never re-read it without being deeply moved"), essays (such as those collected in Are Women Human? or Creed or Chaos and Other Essays in Popular Theology), books (such as The Mind of the Maker), and translations (such as a widely praised translation in terza rima of Dante's Divine Comedy, which our son John Calvin found interesting enough that while still in junior high he read the volume on The Inferno). She also wrote an essay on "The Lost Tools of Learning," an influential essay which you can find at this address: Dorothy Sayers, "The Lost Tools of Learning" "The Lost Tools of Learning" was first presented by Miss Sayers at Oxford in 1947. It is copyrighted by National Review, 150 East 35th Street, New York, NY 10016, and reproduced here with their permission." http://www.gbt.org/text/sayers.html It is "influential" upon the "classical Christian school" in our day. For example, see Douglas Wilson, Recovering the Lost Tools of Learning (Crossway Books, 1991), which includes the Sayers essay in an appendix. (My wife, Dr. Sharon Traver, is currently teaching at The American Academy in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, a school in that admirable tradition of emphasis upon the teaching of the classics and even Latin as a language from the early grades on up!) Even though Dorothy Sayers has had an influence on Protestant evangelical and Reformed Christian schools, she herself was not Reformed or a Protestant evangelical, but rather an Anglo-Catholic (like C.S. Lewis, about whom more will be said in a future issue of CATI). Her commitment to that religious perspective could be part of the reason for her translation of Dante's Divine Comedy (and for her essay "'...And Telling you a Story": a Note on the Divine Comedy," which she contributed to Essays Presented to Charles Williams at the request of that book's editor, C.S. Lewis). Like the "official" Inklings, she should be read with discernment, but is (I believe) well worth reading. As in the case of Charles Williams, however, there is not as much material on the Internet about Dorothy Sayers as there is about J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis. Nevertheless, here are some sites that may be worth checking out: DOROTHY L. SAYERS: Dorothy L(eigh) Sayers "Dorothy Sayers was born in Oxford as the daughter of the Rev. Henry Sayers.... She was very gifted from the early age in languages, learning Latin by the age of seven.... A devout Anglo-Catholic, Sayers was for many years a friend of the Oxford writers known as the Inklings. In THE MIND OF THE MAKER Sayers tried to explain the Trinitarian nature of God, the Divine Creator, by analogy with the three-fold activity of the creative artist - involving idea, energy, and power." http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/dlsayers.htm Dorothy L. Sayers: A Christian Humanist for Today http://www.religion-online.org/cgi-bin/relsearchd.dll/showarticle?item_id=1267 Dorothy L. Sayers, Writer and Theologian http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bio/19.html The Dorothy L. Sayers Society http://www.sayers.org.uk/ _______________________________________________________________ 3. THE WORD ON CROSSWORDS: THE JOY OF MAKING & SOLVING PUZZLES Is there anyone who hasn't at some time enjoyed sitting down to do a crossword puzzle? There is something attractive about an activity where you create order out of disorder or you make something from nothing (that is, nothing except for the puzzle clues). This is true of different kinds of puzzles, including jigsaw puzzles, sliding-tile puzzles, and that favorite American pastime of crossword puzzles. (I combine all three in a software program I've been working on which I call the Traver PuzzleBox, but I hope to tell you more about that in the next issue of CATI.) In general, puzzle-solving is a wholesome way to have fun. (Puzzle-making is another.) In her book The Crossword Obsession: The History and Lore of the World's Most Popular Pastime (Berkley Books, 2001), page 3, Coral Amende has this to say: "Human beings have a passion for puzzles: we love giving our mental musculature vigorous workouts with perplexing posers and scintillating stumpers--particularly those with a goodly dose of wicked wit. From ancient ages to modern times, the solving of cranium-straining conundrums has been one of the ways in which we have created harmony out of chaos and brought some small semblance of order, however transitory or illusional, to our lives. This edifying exercise sharpens our cerebral acuity and develops critical logical-thinking skills, as well as being enormously entertaining, and there is great satisfaction--that gratifying "Aha!" feeling--to be had in parsing a pattern or getting a grip on a puzzlemaker's sly trick. Solving (and, to an even greater degree, constructing) puzzles also allows us to use the knowledge we've collected and enhances that knowledge in a fun way...." --Coral Amende, The Crossword Obsession, p. 2. For a Christian, such an activity is especially appropriate, for our "God is not a God of disorder but of peace" (1 Cor. 14:33). Whether it be a jigsaw puzzle put together to show a beautiful landscape or a crossword puzzle entirely filled in with the appropriate answers, we feel a satisfaction when we finish our creative or constructive work and - after we complete our work and look upon the result - declare that it was good (see Gen. 1). Even though the crossword puzzle as we know it first came into existence as late as 1913, its ancestors go back to Bible times: "The ancestors of the crossword puzzle include word squares and acrostics, both of which date from days long bygone. As far back as the sixth century B.C., puzzle-loving Greeks were inscribing word squares into statues and other artistic endeavors.... Ye olde Romans were proficient practitioners of the acrostic.... Acrostics can also be spotted in the Bible, where you'll find psalms with twenty-two lines, each beginning with a different letter of the Hebrew alphabet, in order." --Coral Amende, The Crossword Obsession, p. 2. Here are examples of Biblical acrostics (although some of the passages may bend the rules a bit): Psalms 9-10, 25, 34, 37, 111 (note each half-line), 112 (again, note each half-line), 119 (the best example), 145, Proverbs 31:10-31 ("a virtuous woman," a fine example), and Lamentations 1, 2, 3, 4. The New Testament contains no acrostics, but the early church did use the fish as a symbol for Christ, since the Greek word for fish -- ichthus -- is an acrostic (in the Greek) for Jesus, God's Son, Savior. The ROTAS/SATOR word square (whose origin and meaning remain under dispute) apparently goes back to the first century A.D. Here's the entire square (note the symmetrical arrangement of the letters): R O T A S O P E R A T E N E T A R E P O S A T O R Here's one translation: "Arepo the sower guides the wheels with care." (It doesn't make a whole lot of sense, does it?) One Web page about the ROTAS/SATOR word square makes this very interesting suggestion: "The letters of the square can be re-arranged in form of a cross. The word 'PATERNOSTER' (Our father) can be formed twice with the letter A and O at either end.... The letters A and O represent the first and the last letter of the greek alphabet, Alpha and Omega. Alpha and Omega stand for 'beginning' and 'end', as in 'I am the Alpha and the Omega'." --http://freunde.imperium.de/gansel/pater-e.htm The rearrangement is clever, but I doubt that it really means anything, in spite of the fact that the Manchester Museum itself (where the Manchester Word Square can be found) seems to endorse this speculation: "The Manchester Word-square. Inscribed on a fragment of late second-century pottery is part of a word-square of Christian significance which reads in full: ROTAS OPERA TENET AREPO SATOR. These words may be read in any direction: in themselves they are not very significant ('Arepo the sower guides the wheels with care') but the letters can be re-arranged to read PATER NOSTER (Our Father) in the form of a cross with the letters A and O at either end: in Greek these are the first and last letters of the alphabet, Alpha and Omega, and stand for 'beginning' and 'end'. the earliest evidence for Christianity in Britain; and the great physical and intellectual changes wrought by the peoples of Cyprus, Greece and Italy." http://museum.man.ac.uk/exhibitions/mediterranean_gallery.html The About.com Web site has on it a number of excellent places to start if you want to explore acrostics, word squares, and crossword puzzles further: Acrostics http://puzzles.about.com/cs/acrostics/ Word Squares: Forerunners to Crossword Puzzles http://puzzles.about.com/library/weekly/aa000123.htm Crossword Puzzles http://puzzles.about.com/cs/crosswords/ In a moment I'll be suggesting some more Web sites relating to crossword puzzles (including Bible crosswords). Before I do that, however, let's think a bit about words in general and then crosswords in particular. In the beginning the Word already was (John 1:1). Francis A. Schaeffer in a lecture/sermon titled "Before the Beginning" points out that even before the world existed, communication was in existence between God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. Making man in His likeness, God made man also able to communicate. It is because of God, then, that we have language and words (including the written Word of God). Likewise crossword puzzles can exist only because God exists. In Christ, God was reconciling the world to Himself (2 Cor. 5:19). It may be trivial in comparison, but we see some peace-making going on in crossword puzzles. Words that could be (and often are) at cross-purposes with one another are made to dwell together in harmony (at least within the confines of the crossword grid). They "fit together" in a way in which the world does not yet "fit together," so in their own way, such puzzles can be taken as suggestive of the time coming when God will make the world no longer broken or disorderly, but restored and whole (cf. Rom. 8). So even in our recreational activity of puzzle-solving, we are re-creating order and peace, wholeness and harmony. Thus our "pastime time" is "of a piece" with our calling to be seeking peace between men and men, and between men and God. (Please take that "men" as non-gender specific. I intend women to be included as well.) God is great at taking broken lives and putting the pieces together in a wholesome way. In at least a limited way, our choice in recreational activity can mirror our own desire to see the creation put together again in a restored state. Well, that's my theological justification for doing crossword puzzles rather than getting involved with other leisure-time activities, but I'm not sure such a justification is really necessary. It may be sufficient simply to note that God "richly provides us with everything for our enjoyment" (2 Tim. 6:17), provided that such things are not out of harmony with the Word of God. I expect to be returning to the topic of crossword puzzles in the near future, but for now let me suggest some rewarding sites for those who like crossword puzzles: BIBLE CROSSWORD PUZZLE SITES: Bible Crossword Fun (Gospel Communications International) This series is now discontinued (you will find no new "Puzzle of the Month" here), but fifty-eight "Previous Puzzles" are still available, all taken from Challenging Bible Crosswords or Classic Bible Crosswords composed by Diane Brummel Bloem and published by Zondervan. To solve them, you will have to print them out; there is no provision for your working on them online as on most other crossword puzzle sites. http://www.gospelcom.net/gci/xword/ Bible Crossword Puzzles This site contains crossword puzzles (based mainly on the King James Version) in "STANDARD FORMAT which consists of a GIF image and a text file which can be printed out or saved to your hard-drive" or "ACROSS LITE FORMAT [which] offers an entire puzzle solving environment with many options." The latter "requires downloading the puzzle software which is absolutely FREE and Highly recommended," and the Across Lite format (used widely on other crossword puzzle sites) allows you to work on the puzzle while online (not possible with standard format puzzles). Thirty-some puzzles are currently available (your choice of either format), and more puzzles are planned for the future. http://members.truepath.com/biblegames/crosswordintro.html Online Bible Crossword Puzzles Here you'll find six puzzles on "People in the Bible" and seven puzzles on Bible "Themes." http://akidsheart.com/bible/biblepzlxwrd.htm PC-Shareware.com: Bible Crossword Challenge Bible Crossword Challenge is software being distributed as shareware or demoware. You can download an evaluation copy from their Web page. The evaluation copy provides five Bible crossword puzzles. If you decide to purchase the program (the cost is $9.95), you get fifty crossword puzzles. The sample puzzles seem to be based on the King James Version. http://www.pcshareware.com/bxwordwin.htm St. Martin's Crossword Puzzle Site Here you'll find crossword puzzles for every chapter of the New Testament as well as for some chapters of some books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Micah, and Nahum), with new puzzles planned. The puzzles are all based on the New International Version (NIV) and are compiled by Jim Saxton. They are posted on the Web site of St. Martin's in the Fields, Finham (part of the Diocese of Coventry in the Church of England), a very attractively-done Web site (except for some text/background color combinations) from which you may perhaps get some good ideas for your own church Web site. http://bible-crosswords-new-testament.smitf.org.uk/ GENERAL CROSSWORD PUZZLE SITES: 1st Spot Crossword Puzzle Games A great list of about a hundred links, a few of which relate to games, but most of which relate to crossword puzzles, and the following categories are included: "Crossword General Sources," "Cryptic Crossword," "Daily Crossword Puzzle," "Weekly Crossword Puzzle," "Monthly Crossword Puzzle," and "Free Form." http://1st-spot.net/topic_crosswords.html Barely Bad Web Site: A Monograph on Crossword Puzzles "...the most important thing to keep in mind is that crosswords are for fun and relaxation, and I hope you don't take them any more seriously than I do. In fact, I prefer the phrase 'playing a puzzle' to 'working a puzzle' because that's the attitude I think you should have." Not everyone will appreciate the writing style of the anonymous author (a self-described "48-year-old science student") of this "monograph," but it contains fascinating stuff you aren't likely to find elsewhere, including a listing of (alleged) errors in New York Times crossword puzzles with a personal reply by Will Shortz, editor of the New York Times crossword puzzle since 1993. (By the way, if you're curious, it seems that John Gosnell is the anonymous webmaster of this site.) http://members.aol.com/xwdbarelybad/xwd.htm Barely Bad Web Site: Crossword Cute Clues http://members.aol.com/xwdbarelybad/xwdcuteclues.htm Barely Bad Web Site: Crossword Errors http://members.aol.com/xwdbarelybad/xwderrors.htm Barely Bad Web: Will Shortz Responds http://members.aol.com/xwdbarelybad/xwderrors_shortz.htm Cruciverb.com: Crossword Constructors Community Center "Cruci" means "cross" (as in "crucifix") and "verb" means "word" (as in "verbal"), so "cruciverb" means "crossword." The emphasis here is not on doing crossword puzzles, but on creating them. Even if you're not a "crossword constructor," you should find interesting and useful information on this site. http://www.cruciverb.com/ LinaPuzzles.com: Crossword and Other Puzzle Lots of helpful links to crossword sites. http://www.linapuzzles.com/crosswordpuzzles.html Literate Software Systems: Across Lite The Across Lite format is used by the New York Times, the Washington Post, and other major newspapers, including USA Today (contrary to what LitSoft's Web site may say -- I did call their attention to the error, but for some reason it has not yet been corrected). My own PuzzleBox program is able to load in crossword puzzles in Across Lite format (although LitSoft never replied to my requests for some information on the format). On their site you can download "a complimentary copy of Across Lite (for Windows, Mac, OS/2 and Unix)," a program for solving crossword puzzles online or offline. http://www.litsoft.com/ Nanana.com: Online Crossword and Other Puzzles Lots of helpful links to crossword sites. http://www.nanana.com/crosswordpuzzles.html PC Magazine: CrossGuesser "If you're looking for that one elusive word that will finish The New York Times crossword puzzle, or you have six letters ... CrossGuesser [a free software utility from PC Magazine] is just what you need. This utility checks incomplete crossword entries (like CH_CK_N) ... against a list of almost 200,000 English words.... You start by entering a word pattern — a series of letters or wildcards (blanks or asterisks). To find possible solutions, you ... click the Crosswords button.... The solutions will appear in a list box beneath the word pattern." A very useful utility, and it's free! http://www.pcmag.com/article/0,2997,s=1478&a=22781,00.asp PC-Shareware: Crossword Challenge Crossword Challenge is a more general version of their Bible Crossword Challenge software. If you decide to purchase it, the cost is the same ($9.95), but Crossword Challenge comes with one hundred fifty puzzles rather than the fifty that come with Bible Crossword Challenge. http://www.pcshareware.com/xwordwin.htm Refdesk.com: Crosswords About a hundred helpful links to crossword-related sites. http://www.refdesk.com/crosswrd.html Searchnerd.com: Crosswords Over a hundred helpful crossword-related links. http://www.searchnerd.com/odpbox/index.cgi?/Games/Puzzles/Crosswords/ Thinks.com: Crossword Central "Thinks.com provides the best source of crossword puzzles and crossword-related information on the Internet. Daily crossword puzzles, cryptic crosswords, crossword variants - plus crossword books and software for crossword enthusiasts - you will find them all here." A "Brain Game Web Guide." http://thinks.com/crosswords/crosswords.htm Thinks.com: Crosswords, Crosswords, Crosswords "Whatever type of crossword you prefer, easy or difficult, US-style or British cryptic, you will find them all here: your guide to the best crossword sites on the Web." This and the preceding Thinks.com Web page are great resources! http://thinks.com/webguide/crosswords.htm Thinks.com: Crossword Software "If you are a crossword enthusiast you will find here all the software you need, whether it's for creating crosswords or helping to solve them." If you're after crossword software, this is the best place to find out about it! http://thinks.com/software/crosswords.htm Enjoy! _______________________________________________________________ 4. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS: INFORMATION ON CATI NEWSLETTER Like to know what this is? This is the seventy-second issue of a free newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet" ("CATI," pronounced "Katy," but spelled with a "C" and an "I" for "Christians" and the "Internet"). Like to subscribe to this free email newsletter? Just send an email to email@example.com (but be sure to include your name in the note). Like to read past CATI issues and articles (or even search CATI for a particular subject)? Go to http://cati.org and you'll find an archive of past issues (arranged in reverse chronological order), a partial index of articles (arranged alphabetically by topic), and a search engine specifically for use with CATI. Like to pass along this issue to others? You may. Permission is hereby granted to pass along any issue of CATI to someone else, provided that it is passed along in its entirety with no changes made. (For now, I prefer that you send the complete issue, although I may in the near future provide guidelines for passing along individual articles.) Like to use material from this newsletter (say, on a Web page or in a publication)? For permission to do that, send a note to firstname.lastname@example.org (explaining what you'd like to use and for what purpose). Reasonable requests are usually granted. Like to unsubscribe? That's also easy. Just send an email to email@example.com (but if you decide to unsubscribe, you'll be missed, so any thoughts about the newsletter that you would be willing to share at that time would be much appreciated). Like to tell your friends about CATI? That is not only much encouraged, but also an encouragement to the editor! CATI is a lot of work (albeit a labor of love) and (since it is a free newsletter and I intend it to stay such) provides no financial income, so what keeps me going with this personal endeavor is knowing that people are finding it to be helpful, instructive, and enjoyable. (Comments from readers are always welcome, so let me hear from you!) Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is Copyright (C) 2002 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved.