"Christians And The Internet" newsletter
CATI, Vol. 3, No. 11:  October 20, 2002



The latest revision of this issue of "CATI" can be accessed
online at http://traver.org/cati/archives/cati74.htm.  The
Web page edition makes it especially easy to visit the links.

Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is
Copyright (C) 2002 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved.  See
the end of this issue for more information on "CATI."


Oh, you have to be careful:  Theophilos and Theophilus are not
the same.  There's a difference:  one has an "o," while the
other has a "u."  But there's a more important difference.

"Most excellent Theophilus" (Luke 1:3) is the person to whom
Paul addresses his New Testament history accounts (see Acts
1:1).  Book One is a history of the life of Christ (we know
it as the Gospel of Luke), while Book Two is a history of
the life of the early Church (we know it as the Book of
Acts).  Together they present us with "an orderly account"
(Luke 1:3) of what Christ began to do and to teach while on
this earth and of what Christ continued to do and to teach
(through His apostles) while reigning in heaven.  (Jesus,
who is the same, yesterday, today, and forever, is still in
heaven, ruling and over-ruling for the good of His Church --
see Eph. Col. 1:15-20; Eph. 1:17-23.)

Incidentally, literally "Theophilus" means "lover of God."

Theophilus (again, with a "u") is also a Christian cartoon
strip on the Web.  Most of the cartoons are satirical.  Some
of them are right on target, others not so much.  Thus they
ought to be read with some care.  Here is where you'll find
the Web site:

Theophilus' World

The author, Bob West, has authored the series for over thirty
years.  Throughout that time he has moved from criticism of
the organized church to the questioning of oversight by elders
and (most recently) to support of charismatic emphases, such
as spiritual warfare, miracles, and the spectacular spiritual
gifts.  Thus many (including conservative Presbyterians and
others in the Reformed tradition) would differ with him on
various issues, although there is much in the strip to praise
as well (e.g., unveiling of Christian hypocrisy, displaying
of the shallowness of supposed arguments for evolution, etc.)

So that's Theophilus with a "u."  But what about Theophilos
with an "o"?

Theophilos (with an "o") is downloadable free Bible software,
but before I talk about Theophilos in particular, I should
say something about Bible software in general.  I have been
hesitant to write on the subject, because I am not sure I've
seen any complete packages that I can recommend without any
reservations.  Often translations, commentaries and notes,
or references are included that (in my opinion) are out of
date (and included primarily because of lack of copyright?)
or are unreliable (at times teaching actual error rather
than a proper understanding of the Biblical text).  And the
software itself may be difficult to use.

I do recommend, however, the free download of Theophilos
Bible software and some (but only some) of the add-ons.
Theophilos has received very positive comments from some
reviewers, including three reviews in Christian Computing
Magazine.  Here's the first from CCMag:
As a reviewer of software, Iím often faced with a sizable
dilemma. To paraphrase the childrenís story: quite often Iím
forced to kiss a whole bunch of frogs before I can find a
single prince. Fortunately though, despite the many duds I
see, every now and again I stumble upon a real gem of a
program.... One such gem is the Theophilos program....

The program is well-designed [and] easy-to-use....  It offers
many of the features and functions normally reserved for high
end commercial Bible software....

The free Theophilos package comes as a complete integrated
program consisting of...Full version of Theophilos software;
...King James...version of the...Bible...;...Matthew Henryís
Commentary on the...Bible;and...Eastonís Bible Dictionary.
If you...like what you see..., you can...choose...additional
add-on[s]...[including] other Bible versions, dictionaries,
notes, and other reference materials....

Theophilos offers a host of features to help you spend more
time in your study and less time manipulating the program.
The search function, for example, is both very fast and quite
powerful.... A host of setup options and preferences...permit
you to customize the user interface, fonts, program behavior,
and more.... You can copy and paste virtually anything (Bible
texts, notes, dictionary topics, search results) through the
Windows clipboard to your word processor or other application.
These can also be saved to file or printed....

Regardless of what program you may now be using for your Bible
study, the Theophilos program is definitely an alternative
that deserves your attention.

Christian Computing Magazine: Review by Dr. Ed. Hoffman


And here are some comments from the second:

"The more I looked at this product, the more impressed I
became. This is a first rate product that is no-strings-
attached freeware.... In my opinion,...this alone is one of
the greatest gifts that has been given to Godís people since
this industry began.... Of special interest...is the Scribe
utility. This incredible tool enables you to take any ASCII
text file and create your own resource that can be used in
Theophilos. Use them yourself or pass them on to other users
of Theophilos. Electronic publishing simply does not get any
easier or more inexpensive than Scribe. Hey, in my opinion
again, this is what Bible software should be all about."

Christian Computing Magazine: Tech Talk by J.D. "Doc" Watson

And, finally, here are the opening comments from the third:

"...months ago I scoured the internet searching for various
free Bible study software programs. Little did I realize what
a treasure I found when stumbling across the Theophilos
Library.... [T]his program offers so much for so little (a
free and fully functioning version) AND...many add-on modules
(various writings, commentaries, resources, etc.) have been
produced and are available as free downloads!"

Christian Computing Magazine: Bible Software Reviews

That third review (apparently unsigned) is worth reading in
full if you are serious about trying out Theophilos, because
it goes into substantial detail about how the program works.

Here's where you can get the free package for Theophilos Bible

Theophilos Bible Software: Downloads

You know what the King James Version (1611) is, but you may or
may not know much about the Matthew Henry commentary or about
the Easton dictionary, both of which are also included in the
free package.

Matthew Henry (1662-1714) was ordained as a Presbyterian and
was greatly influenced by the Puritans.  He is well-known as
the author of a lengthy and very influential commentary on the
whole Bible.  (Actually, he died after having completed the
Book of Acts, so the New Testament epistles and Revelation
were done by ministerial friends of similar conviction.)  The
commentary was a great influence on noted Baptist preacher
Charles Spurgeon (who openly acknowledged his debt to Matthew
Henry) and upon many others through the centuries.

Concerning Matthew Henry's Commentary, by the way, Charles
Spurgeon declared, "Every minister ought to read it entirely
and carefully through once at least."

I have found little information about Matthew George Easton
(1823-1894), the author of Easton's Bible Dictionary, other
than that he was a Scottish Presbyterian.  The third edition
of Easton's Bible Dictionary was published by Thomas Nelson
three years after Easton's death.  Like Matthew Henry's
Commentary, Easton's Bible Dictionary is now considered to
be in the public domain, which partly accounts for its
inclusion within many Bible software software packages.

Note:  Easton's Bible Dictionary is over a hundred years old,
Matthew Henry's Commentary goes back almost another hundred
years, and the King James Version of the Bible is from the
time of Shakespeare.  Even though at points they should be
supplemented by more recent books to take advantage of some
advances in modern scholarship, all of these are "classic"
works of enduring value.

It is obvious that the King James Version has enduring value,
but that is also true of Matthew Henry, as many Christians
today can attest.  The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian
Church asserts that Matthew Henry's Commentary "is notable
esp. for its good sense, pregnant thought, and felicitious
expression," and that Puritan pithiness is often even more
needful in our time than it was in earlier times.  (Easton's
Bible Dictionary is also helpful but has not endured as
well the passage of time.)

In a future issue I may recommend some Theophilos add-ins
you can purchase, but I want in the rest of this article to
recommend some add-ins that are free.  You'll find a wide
range of materials, from Bible commentaries and sermons to
creeds and theological essays.  In a normal add-in, if you
right-click on a Bible reference (e.g., "2 Thess. 5:17")
in the text of the add-in, that will allow you the choice
of having Theophilos automatically show you that verse
(e.g., "pray without ceasing") in its context in the King
James Version.  Here are three dozen or so free add-ins
that I recommend for your consideration:

Alexander, Archibald, Catechetical Instruction

Baxter, Richard, The Saints' Everlasting Rest

Berkhof, Louis, Summary of Christian Doctrine

Boston, Thomas, The Crook in the Lot

Bunyan, John, Christ a Complete Saviour

Bunyan, John, The Life and Death of Mr. Badman

Bunyan, John, Saved by Grace

Bunyan, John, A Treatise of the Fear of God

Calvin, John, Commentary on Genesis

Calvin, John, Institutes of the Christian Religion

Christian Research Journal: Religions and Cults

Douma, J., Ten Commandments (summary of a book published by
    P & R Publishing)

Edwards, Jonathan, Resolutions

Edwards, Jonathan, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

Flavel, John, Keeping the Heart

Fox, John, Fox's Book of Martyrs

Knox, John, The Common Faith

Lee, Francis Nigel, Calvin on the Weekly Christian Sabbath

Luther, Martin, Commentary on the Epistle to the Galatians

Luther, Martin, 95 Theses

Luther, Martin, Sermons (100 sermons)

Luther, Martin, Table Talk

Nave, Norville J., ed., Nave's Topical Bible

Owen, John, Christologia

Owen, John, On Temptation

Owen, John, On the Mortification of Sin in Believers

Pink, Arthur W., Comfort for Christians

Pink, Arthur W., Eternal Security

Ryle, J.C.,  Expository Thoughts on the Gospel of Matthew

Ryle, J.C.,  Expository Thoughts on the Sermon on the Mount

Spurgeon, Charles, All of Grace

Spurgeon, A Collection of Sermons, Vol. I (27 sermons)

Spurgeon, Charles, A Defense of Calvinism

Spurgeon, Charles, Morning and Evening

Ursinus, Zacharias, Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism

Watson, Thomas, Contentment

Westminster Shorter Catechism

If some of these names are unfamiliar to you, you can learn
more about many of them (and find more of their writings) on
the following Web sites:

Baxter, Richard

Boston, Thomas

Bunyan, John

Calvin, John

Edwards, Jonathan

Flavel, John

Fox, John

Knox, John

Luther, Martin

Owen, John

Pink, Arthur W.

Ryle, J.C.

Spurgeon, Charles

Ursinus, Zacharias

Watson, Thomas

Westminster Assembly

The preceding are "recommended reading" (i.e., reading that I
personally recommend, although that obviously does not mean
that I thus necessarily endorse everything said by the men to
whom I refer).  There are some Theophilus add-ins, however,
that I would not recommend at all.  For example, I consider
those who advocate "open theism" to be advocating serious
error, for I believe that God not only knows the future, but
is also in control of the future.  Thus I would warn against
the Theophilus add-ins which support "open theism."

Likewise I cannot recommend the writings of C.I. Scofield
(author of the old Scofield notes, which represent the older
"dispensational" approach to the Bible).  Since the newer
Scofield Bible departs significantly from the older Scofield
Bible, it would seem that many modern dispensationalists
would themselves admit that C.I. Scofield was wrong in some
important areas.

Similarly, I cannot recommend the writings of Charles Finney,
whose Systematic Theology is described in this way on the
Theophilos download page:

"Charles G. Finney.... A shift from Reformation orthodoxy
(Calvinism), evident in the Great Awakening (under Edwards
and [George] Whitefield), to Arminian revivalism."

CATI readers must make up their own minds on this issue, but
in theology I personally would recommend Louis Berkhof's
Summary of Christian Doctrine, written from the Reformed
perspective and available for downloading on the same page.

Speaking of summaries, in summary I would suggest that you
download the free Theophilos Bible Software package and
try it out for yourself.  In addition, try out some of the
free modules that I've recommended.  Use discretion in
what you download, because not all Theophilos modules are
equally faithful to Scripture.  My opinion is that you
can't go far wrong if you go with the Reformers and the
Puritans (and I include Charles Spurgeon in the latter
category as a "modern-day Puritan").  Enjoy!


An excellent but little-known book published in 1995 was True
Heroism in a World of Celebrity Counterfeits, written by Dick
Keyes, who had been a student at Westminster Seminary back in
the late 1960's when I was a student there.  Unfortunately,
the book (published by NavPress) is now out of print, although
you can find some reviews of the book online.

Example #1:

"Dick Keyes is a long time worker at L'Abri Fellowship [in]
Massachusetts. This book shows the refining effect of long
years of reflection, effort, and lecturing on the subject at
hand. Dick Keyes explores the meaning of heroism in an age
where celebrity status has eclipsed any idea of real heroes.
What and who are "pseudo-heroes?... Is heroism possible or
conceivable today?... The author believes that 'true heroism'
is impossible without the concomitant virtue...of humility....
His two chapters on humility are spectacular, greatly needed,
and overdue in our world of self praising and straining for
the coveted spotlight of the lavish praise of our televised
age.... His last two chapters on the effects of all this on
the family are powerful reading for young parents. Do we
really, really wish to change our world? For Keyes the key
lies here in 'true heroism' and humility and NOT in the ersatz
'power' of the 1990's media."

Premise: Book Review by Marvin Padgett

Example #2:

"Are there any heroes in an age of cynicism, when everything
noble is debunked and dissected into ignoble elements? The
cynical debunkers of heroism should themselves be debunked.
How can they know that all heroism is sham, that courage and
benevolence are but masks for selfishness? In this engaging
and provocative book, Richard Keyes offers a strong spiritual
antidote for our culture's loss of heroes. After clarifying
the difference between the celebrity ('well known for being
well known') and the hero (who is distinguished primarily by
moral character), Keyes delves into the gospel accounts to
reveal Jesus Christ as the paradigmatic hero of the ages. In
the life of Christ, he perceives an unparalleled sense of
purpose, love, forgiveness, courage, endurance, and service.
Those who seek to imitate the heroic qualities of Christ...
can...find in Christ forgiveness, hope, and the incentive to
become heroes themselves. Keyes also looks at heroic parents,
and provides practical wisdom for fractured families. Parents
need not be superpeople to be heroes to their children, but
they must attend to the things that matter most. Savoring this
book is a good step toward discerning just what those things

First Things: Book Review by Douglas Groothuis

In a moment, I'll tell you how you may obtain a copy of this
book, but before I do that, here are two more comments on the

"Facing a culture that is losing both God and man, Richard
Keyes offers a Christian vision of true human nobility.
Parents, grandparents, teachers, pastors, and others who
guide young people will find here a rich resource."
  --J.I. Packer

"Fascinating, wise, rich, biblical, and practical, this book
will be for many people a long overdue introduction to one of
today's best minds and most helpful teachers."
  --Os Guinness

If the topic of "true heroism" is of interest to you and you
would like to obtain a copy of this book by Dick Keyes, here
is a place where you can purchase a copy online:


(But don't spend more than $20.00, because the original price
of the book was only $18.00.)  Or you may perhaps get a copy
free, if you are a winner in the "Introduce a Friend to CATI"

As you know, "CATI" is a free e-mail newsletter, devoted to
"Christians And The Internet."  There is helpful material in
"CATI" that can be found elsewhere only with great difficulty
(and sometimes cannot be found elsewhere at all).  It is the
kind of thing you should be telling your friends about.

To encourage you to do so, I've decide to put on a contest.
I will be giving a copy of Richard Keyes' True Heroism in a
World of Celebrity Counterfeits to each of the top FIVE
people who bring in the largest number of new "CATI"
subscribers between now and December 1, 2002.

When requesting to be put on the "CATI" mailing list, your
friend (who may or may not be a Christian) must indicate the
name of the person who introduced him or her to "CATI."  (This
means YOU!)  That way you get credit for the new subscription.

If "CATI" is worthwhile, it is because a lot of work goes into
each issue.  It is a labor of love, but it is a lot of labor.
Essentially the same amount of work is involved regardless of
the number of people on the mailing list (presently only about
300 or so).  Thus it makes sense to let other people know of
a publication that may also benefit them.

I'm hoping to double my subscription base in the next year or
less, but I know that I will need to do a number of things in
order to accomplish that.  The "Introduce a Friend to CATI"
Contest is only one of them, but you can make it an important
one.  "Word of mouth" is still a powerful means of persuasion,
so tell your friends what you have appreciated about "CATI."

Thanks in advance for your contributions to "CATI":  for your
interest, your prayers, your words of encouragement, and your
helping to get the news out about "CATI"!


This article is a brief follow-up to this article in the
previous issue of CATI:

CATI: Better Than the King James Bible? You Bet Your Breeches!

If that article got you interested in the old Geneva Bible,
you'll be glad to hear that you can find the complete edition
of 1599 -- text and notes -- here:

StudyLight.org: The 1599 Geneva Study Bible (text and notes!)

Also, although the text is different (the New King James
Version is used rather than the original text of the old
Geneva study Bible) and the notes are different (comments
are by modern Bible scholars rather than using the notes
of the old Geneva study Bible), the New Geneva Study
Bible stands in the same tradition.  I highly recommend
it, and so does the Bookstore of Westminster Seminary:

"The original Geneva Bible was published in 1560 and helped
spark a spiritual revolution in the English-speaking world.
The Reformation Study Bible [formerly known as the New Geneva
Study Bible] stands in the tradition of the original Geneva
Bible, helping the reader to discover the riches of Reformed
thought while studying the Word of God. Combining modern
scholarship with the insights of reformers such as John
Calvin, Martin Luther, John Knox and Theodore Beza, this
unique study Bible offers an unparalleled view of the ideas
and doctrines that renewed the church and fired the faith of
generations of believers. Contributors to the volume include
R. C. Sproul, Bruce Waltke, Moisťs Silva, Edmund Clowney, J.I.
Packer, Raymond Dillard, James Boice, Tremper Longman III,
Richard Pratt, Al Groves, Sinclair Ferguson, Dan McCartney,
Vern Poythress and many others."

Another place where this new study Bible can be ordered is
R.C. Sproul's Web site, which summarizes the many helps
including in this excellent Bible and Bible reference:

"The text of the Reformation Study Bible is The New King
James Version. Other features include: Introductions,
outlines, and information about the author, setting, themes,
and characteristics of each book, [e]xtensive study notes,
[m]aps, [c]harts, [a] cross-reference system, [a] concordance,
[and e]ssays on 100 key biblical doctrines and themes, [such
as] 'Providence,' 'Angels,' 'Miracles,' 'The Sacraments,'
'Marriage and Divorce,' and 'Prayer.'"

Check it out!  (In fact, check them out, the old and the
new Geneva study Bibles!)


Like to know what this is?  This is the seventy-fourth issue
of a free newsletter devoted to "Christians And The Internet"
("CATI," pronounced "Katy," but spelled with a "C" and an "I"
for "Christians" and the "Internet").

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a lot of work (albeit a labor of love) and (since it is a free
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income, so what keeps me going with this personal endeavor is
knowing that people are finding it to be helpful, instructive,
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let me hear from you!)

Unless otherwise indicated, all material in this newsletter is
Copyright (C) 2002 by Barry Traver, All Rights Reserved.